Next Article in Journal
Beyond Body Weight-Loss: Dietary Strategies Targeting Intrahepatic Fat in NAFLD
Next Article in Special Issue
Dairy Products Quality from a Consumer Point of View: Study among Polish Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Do Where The Elderly Live Matter? Factors Associated with Diet Quality among Korean Elderly Population Living in Urban Versus Rural Areas
Previous Article in Special Issue
Galacto-Oligosaccharide RP-G28 Improves Multiple Clinical Outcomes in Lactose-Intolerant Patients
Open AccessArticle

Consumption of Goat Cheese Naturally Rich in Omega-3 and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Improves the Cardiovascular and Inflammatory Biomarkers of Overweight and Obese Subjects: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Nutrition Research Group, Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research (IdiPAZ), 28046 Madrid, Spain
2
Food Lipid Biomarkers and Health Group, Institute of Food Science Research (CIAL, CSIC), Campus of Autonomous University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Anatomy, Histology and Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Autonomous University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
4
Pediatric Neurology Unit, Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron, VHIR, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
5
Dietetic and Clinical Nutrition Department, La Paz, University Hospital, 28046 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1315; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051315
Received: 17 March 2020 / Revised: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 5 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Products for Human Health)
This study examines the value of a goat cheese naturally enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (n-3 PUFA and conjugated linolenic acid (CLA)) as means of improving cardiovascular and inflammatory health. Sixty-eight overweight and obese subjects (BMI ≥ 27 and <40 kg/m2), with at least two risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a lipid panel blood tests, participated in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel designed study. The subjects consumed for 12 weeks: (1) 60 g/d control goat cheese and (2) 60 g/d goat cheese naturally enriched in n-3 PUFA and CLA. Diet and physical activity were assessed. Anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) tests were performed. Blood samples were collected at the beginning and at the end of the study period. Changes in health status, lifestyle and dietary habits, and daily compliance were recorded. The consumption of a PUFA-enriched goat cheese significantly increased plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, as well as in apolipoprotein B, and it significantly decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations compared to the control goat cheese (p < 0.05). The significant improvement of the plasma lipid profile and inflammatory status of people with risk for CVD due to the consumption of PUFA-enriched cheese suggests a potential role of this dairy product as an alternative to develop high nutritional value food in a balanced diet comprising regular exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: n-3 PUFA; CLA; cheese; blood lipids; dairy fat n-3 PUFA; CLA; cheese; blood lipids; dairy fat
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Santurino, C.; López-Plaza, B.; Fontecha, J.; Calvo, M.V.; Bermejo, L.M.; Gómez-Andrés, D.; Gómez-Candela, C. Consumption of Goat Cheese Naturally Rich in Omega-3 and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Improves the Cardiovascular and Inflammatory Biomarkers of Overweight and Obese Subjects: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1315.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop