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Does Eating Addiction Favor a More Varied Diet or Contribute to Obesity?—The Case of Polish Adults

Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), 159C Nowoursynowska Street, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
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Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1304; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051304
Received: 14 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Clinical Utility of Food Addiction and Eating Addiction)
The rapidly increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity indicates a need to search for their main causes. Addictive-like eating and associated eating patterns might result in overconsumption, leading to weight gain. The aim of the study was to identify the main determinants of food intake variety (FIV) within eating addiction (EA), other lifestyle components, and sociodemographic characteristics. The data for the study were collected from a sample of 898 Polish adults through a cross-sectional survey in 2019. The questionnaire used in the study included Food Intake Variety Questionnaire (FIVeQ), Eating Preoccupation Scale (EPS), and questions regarding lifestyle and sociodemographic factors. High eating addiction was found in more than half of the people with obesity (54.2%). In the study sample, physical activity at leisure time explained FIV in the greatest manner, followed by the EPS factor: eating to provide pleasure and mood improvement. In the group of people with obesity, the score for this EPS factor was the best predictor of FIV, in that a higher score was conducive to a greater variety of food intake. Sociodemographic characteristics differentiated FIV only within groups with normal body weight (age) and with overweight (education). In conclusion, food intake variety (FIV) was associated with physical activity at leisure time, and then with EPS factor “Eating to provide pleasure and mood improvement”, whereas sociodemographic characteristics were predictors of FIV only within groups identified by body mass index (BMI). Nevertheless, our observations regarding the eating to provide pleasure and mood improvement factor and its associations with food intake variety indicate a need for further research in this area. Future studies should also use other tools to explicitly explain this correlation. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; obesity; food addiction; eating addiction; food intake variety; eating behavior; overeating overweight; obesity; food addiction; eating addiction; food intake variety; eating behavior; overeating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jezewska-Zychowicz, M.; Małachowska, A.; Plichta, M. Does Eating Addiction Favor a More Varied Diet or Contribute to Obesity?—The Case of Polish Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1304. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051304

AMA Style

Jezewska-Zychowicz M, Małachowska A, Plichta M. Does Eating Addiction Favor a More Varied Diet or Contribute to Obesity?—The Case of Polish Adults. Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1304. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jezewska-Zychowicz, Marzena, Aleksandra Małachowska, and Marta Plichta. 2020. "Does Eating Addiction Favor a More Varied Diet or Contribute to Obesity?—The Case of Polish Adults" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1304. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051304

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