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The Relation of CUN-BAE Index with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Adults Aged 50 to 85 Years: The MCC-Spain Study

Research Group on Gene-Environment Interactions and Health (GIIGAS), Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), University of León, 24071 León, Spain
CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
Nutritional Methodology and Biostatistics Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon, France
ISGlobal, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBER-OBN), 28029 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma (IdISPa) – Hospital Universitario Son Espases, 07120 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Environmental and Cancer Epidemiology Area, National Center of Epidemiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Cancer Epidemiology Research Group, Oncology and Hematology Area, IIS Puerta de Hierro, 28222 Madrid, Spain
Grupo de Investigación en Neoplasias Hematológicas, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Principado de Asturias (ISPA) and Fundación para la investigación Biosanitaria (FINBA), 33011 Oviedo, Spain
Division of Epidemiology and Computational Biology, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, BioDonostia Research Institute, Osakidetza-Basque Health Service, Directorate General, 20014 San Sebastian, Spain
Oncology Data Analytics Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO) and Oncobell Program, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08908 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
IdiSNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department, University of Granada and Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Hospitales Universitarios de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Principado de Asturias (ISPA) and IUOPA, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
Centro de Investigación en Recursos Naturales, Salud, y Medio Ambiente (RENSMA), University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
Fundación para el Fomento de la Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de la Comunidad Valenciana (FISABIO), 46020 Valencia, Spain
Epidemiology Unit and Girona Cancer Registry (UERCG), Oncology Coordination Plan (PDO), Department of Health, Autonomous Government of Catalonia, 17071 Girona, Spain
Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, IMIB-Arrixaca, 30007 Murcia, Spain
Servicio de Cirugía General y Aparato Digestivo, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León, 24001 León, Spain
Epidemiology Section, Public Health Division, Department of Health of Madrid, 28035 Madrid, Spain
IMIM (Hospital Del Mar Medical Research Institute), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
MCC-Spain study group: [email protected].
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 996;
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 28 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Status and Health)
Backgound: Traditional anthropometrics such as body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) do not fully capture the complex biology of body fat (BF) in the elderly. The Clinica Universidad de Navarra-Body Adiposity Estimator (CUN-BAE) index, based on BMI, is proposed as a better indicator of BF. However, its relation with BMI is not clear. The aim was to compare the agreement between CUN-BAE, BMI, and WC in those aged ≥50 years. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 3153 Caucasian healthy adults was taken from the MCC-Spain study. The Pearson’s correlation and its 95% confidence interval (CI), adiposity distribution, and Kappa Index (95%CI) were calculated. Results: The correlation of CUN-BAE with WC is 0.18 (95%CI 0.14–0.21) and that with BMI is moderate (r 0.58; 95%CI 0.55–0.60), but both increased strongly by sex. Agreement (normal weight/overweight/obesity) of CUN-BAE with BMI is 7% and with WC is 18%. Conclusions: The correlation and the degree of agreement of CUN-BAE with BMI and WC are low in individuals aged over 50, but it is higher by sex. Thus, this different criterion of obesity may have clinical applications. More studies with a gold standard are needed to evaluate the CUN-BAE in elderly adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional status; older adults; anthropometric measures; obesity; body site; agreement nutritional status; older adults; anthropometric measures; obesity; body site; agreement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Davila-Batista, V.; Molina, A.J.; Fernández-Villa, T.; Romaguera, D.; Pérez-Gómez, B.; Vilorio-Marqués, L.; Dierssen-Sotos, T.; Altzibar, J.M.; Moreno, V.; Ardanaz, E.; Salcedo-Bellido, I.; Fernández-Tardon, G.; Capelo, R.; Salas, D.; Marcos-Gragera, R.; Huerta, J.M.; de Sanjosé, S.; Sierra, M.Á.; Canga-Presa, J.M.; Gómez-Acebo, I.; Amiano, P.; Pollan, M.; Aragones, N.; Castaño-Vinyals, G.; Kogevinas, M.; Martín, V.; on behalf of MCC-Spain study group. The Relation of CUN-BAE Index with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Adults Aged 50 to 85 Years: The MCC-Spain Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 996.

AMA Style

Davila-Batista V, Molina AJ, Fernández-Villa T, Romaguera D, Pérez-Gómez B, Vilorio-Marqués L, Dierssen-Sotos T, Altzibar JM, Moreno V, Ardanaz E, Salcedo-Bellido I, Fernández-Tardon G, Capelo R, Salas D, Marcos-Gragera R, Huerta JM, de Sanjosé S, Sierra MÁ, Canga-Presa JM, Gómez-Acebo I, Amiano P, Pollan M, Aragones N, Castaño-Vinyals G, Kogevinas M, Martín V, on behalf of MCC-Spain study group. The Relation of CUN-BAE Index with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Adults Aged 50 to 85 Years: The MCC-Spain Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(4):996.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davila-Batista, Veronica, Antonio J. Molina, Tania Fernández-Villa, Dora Romaguera, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Jone M. Altzibar, Victor Moreno, Eva Ardanaz, Inmaculada Salcedo-Bellido, Guillermo Fernández-Tardon, Rocio Capelo, Dolores Salas, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, José M. Huerta, Silvia de Sanjosé, María Á. Sierra, José M. Canga-Presa, Ines Gómez-Acebo, Pilar Amiano, Marina Pollan, Nuria Aragones, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Manolis Kogevinas, Vicente Martín, and on behalf of MCC-Spain study group. 2020. "The Relation of CUN-BAE Index with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Adults Aged 50 to 85 Years: The MCC-Spain Study" Nutrients 12, no. 4: 996.

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