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Open AccessArticle

Micronutrient Dilution and Added Sugars Intake in U.S. Adults: Examining This Association Using NHANES 2009–2014

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Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, MI 49014, USA
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The Sugar Association, Inc., Washington, DC 20005, USA
3
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M4J 3E6, Canada
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Source! Nutrition, Toronto, ON M6S 5A6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 985; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040985
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 24 March 2020 / Accepted: 25 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
There is inconsistent evidence regarding the impact of added sugars consumption on micronutrient dilution of the diet. We examined the associations between added sugars intake deciles and nutrient adequacy for 17 micronutrients in U.S. adults 19+ (n = 13,949), 19–50 (n = 7424), and 51+ y (n = 6525) using two days of 24 hour dietary recall data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009–2014 and regression analysis. Added sugars intake deciles ranged from <3.8 to >23.3% of calories among adults 19+ y, with a median intake of 11.0% of calories. Significant associations (p ≤ 0.01) between added sugars intake deciles and percentage of the population below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) were found for magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E; only the association with magnesium remained significant after dropping the two highest and lowest deciles of intake, suggesting a threshold effect. Intakes below approximately 18% of calories from added sugars were generally not associated with micronutrient inadequacy. However, even at the lower deciles of added sugars, large percentages of the population were below the EAR for these four micronutrients, suggesting that adequate intakes are difficult to achieve regardless of added sugars intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: added sugars; micronutrient intake; micronutrient adequacy; adults; NHANES added sugars; micronutrient intake; micronutrient adequacy; adults; NHANES
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Fulgoni, V.L., III; Gaine, P.C.; Scott, M.O.; Ricciuto, L.; DiFrancesco, L. Micronutrient Dilution and Added Sugars Intake in U.S. Adults: Examining This Association Using NHANES 2009–2014. Nutrients 2020, 12, 985.

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