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Open AccessArticle

Relationships between Obesity, Nutrient Supply and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in Koreans

by Jae Yeun Lee 1, Joon Mo Kim 2,*, Kyoung Yong Lee 1, Bokyung Kim 2, Mi Yeon Lee 3 and Ki Ho Park 4 on behalf of the Epidemiologic Survey Committee of the Korean Ophthalmological Society
1
Department of Ophthalmology, Sahmyook Medical Center, Seoul 02500, Korea
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 03181, Korea
3
Division of Biostatistics, Department of R&D Management, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 03181, Korea
4
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 878; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030878 (registering DOI)
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
To investigate the association between nutrient intake and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in Koreans, a population-based, cross-sectional survey, the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, was analyzed. Glaucoma diagnosis was based on criteria established by the International Society of Geographic and Epidemiologic Ophthalmology. Multivariate regression analysis was used to assess the correlation between dietary intake and the prevalence of POAG in all enrolled subjects. In the low Body mass index(BMI) group (BMI <18.5), females with POAG had significantly lower intakes of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, ash, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, B-carotene, thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin C than their non-glaucoma counterparts, based on a multivariate logistic regression analysis (all p < 0.05). In females with a medium BMI (18.5 ≤ BMI < 23), POAG showed a significant association with lower food intake, energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, thiamin and niacin. (all p < 0.05). Lower protein thiamine intake in medium BMI males was related to POAG. Low dietary intake of several nutrients showed an association with glaucoma in low BMI female subjects. An insufficient intake of certain nutrients may be associated with an increased risk of glaucoma in Koreans. Further large-scale cohort studies are needed to determine how specific nutrients alter the risk of glaucoma. View Full-Text
Keywords: body mass index; diet; glaucoma; nutrition body mass index; diet; glaucoma; nutrition
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.Y.; Kim, J.M.; Lee, K.Y.; Kim, B.; Lee, M.Y.; Park, K.H., on behalf of the Epidemiologic Survey Committee of the Korean Ophthalmological Society; Relationships between Obesity, Nutrient Supply and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in Koreans. Nutrients 2020, 12, 878.

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