Feeding behavior is closely related to hypothalamic malonyl-CoA level in the brain and diet-induced obesity affects total CoA pools in liver. Herein, we performed a comprehensive analysis of the CoA pools formed in thirteen tissues of Zucker and Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Hypothalamic malonyl-CoA levels in obese rats remained low and were almost the same as those of lean rats, despite obese rats having much higher content of leptin, insulin, and glucose in their sera. Regardless of the fa
-genotypes, larger total CoA pools were formed in the livers of ZDF rats and the size of hepatic total CoA pools in Zucker rats showed almost one tenth of the size of ZDF rats. The decreased total CoA pool sizes in Zucker rats was observed in the brown adipose tissues, while ZDF-fatty rats possessed 6% of total CoA pool in the lean rats in response to fa
deficiency. This substantially lower CoA content in the obese rats would be disadvantageous to non-shivering thermogenesis. Thus, comparing the intracellular CoA behaviors between Zucker and ZDF rats, as well as the lean and fatty rats of each strain would help to elucidate features of obesity and type 2 diabetes in combination with result (s) of differential gene expression analysis and/or comparative genomics.
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