Next Article in Journal
The Impact of Low-Level Iron Supplements on the Faecal Microbiota of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Healthy Donors Using In Vitro Batch Cultures
Previous Article in Journal
Dietary Habits, Vitamin and Mineral Supplements in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Article

Comparative Analysis of the Effects of Daily Eating Habits and Physical Activity on Anthropometric Parameters in Elementary School Children in Latvia: Pach Study

1
Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, Jelgavas Street 1, LV-1004 Riga, Latvia
2
Department of Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Riga Stradiņš University, Dzirciema Street 16, LV-1007 Riga, Latvia
3
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3818; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123818
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 10 December 2020 / Published: 14 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Growing incidence of obesity and related diseases in children poses new challenges and calls for a review of lifestyle habits. This study aimed to assess daily eating habits (EH) and physical activity (PA) levels and identify their association with obesity in 8–10-year-old children. Children’s EH and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical intensity (MVPA) was estimated from questionnaires (N = 1788). Weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were collected, and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Girls consumed more fruits and vegetables, drank more water, and ate smaller portions of carbohydrate and protein rich foods but spent less time in MVPA compared to boys (p < 0.05). Obese children skipped breakfast more often and consumed less fruits and vegetables. Children who chose to eat in front of the screen had higher WC (62.88 ± 8.70 vs 60.59 ± 7.40 cm, p < 0.001) and higher BMI, and chose smaller vegetable portions and more calorie dense snacks (p < 0.001). 15.4% of pupils covered weekly MVPA recommendations with structured PA on weekdays. Increasing MVPA was related to a smaller number of unhealthy EH (p < 0.001). In conclusion, EH and PA levels differ between sexes and obese children have unhealthier EH. Higher levels of MVPA are related to healthier food choices, while pupils having meals in front of the screen have unhealthier EH and anthropometric measures. The majority of pupils did not reach the WHO recommendations of MVPA through structured PA on weekdays. Association between factors (EH and time spent in PA) and BMI was not found in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: structured physical activity; eating habits; body mass index; pupils; elementary school structured physical activity; eating habits; body mass index; pupils; elementary school
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Justamente, I.; Raudeniece, J.; Ozolina-Moll, L.; Guadalupe-Grau, A.; Reihmane, D. Comparative Analysis of the Effects of Daily Eating Habits and Physical Activity on Anthropometric Parameters in Elementary School Children in Latvia: Pach Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3818. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123818

AMA Style

Justamente I, Raudeniece J, Ozolina-Moll L, Guadalupe-Grau A, Reihmane D. Comparative Analysis of the Effects of Daily Eating Habits and Physical Activity on Anthropometric Parameters in Elementary School Children in Latvia: Pach Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3818. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123818

Chicago/Turabian Style

Justamente, Ilze, Jelena Raudeniece, Liga Ozolina-Moll, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, and Dace Reihmane. 2020. "Comparative Analysis of the Effects of Daily Eating Habits and Physical Activity on Anthropometric Parameters in Elementary School Children in Latvia: Pach Study" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3818. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123818

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop