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Article

The Efficacy of an Energy-Restricted Anti-Inflammatory Diet for the Management of Obesity in Younger Adults

1
Department of Health Ecology, Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko-goranska County, Krešimirova 52a, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
2
Department of Physiology, Immunology and Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20/1, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
3
Department of Health Ecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20/1, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
4
General Hospital Pula, Santoriova 24a, 52100 Pula, Croatia
5
Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, Dugi dol 4a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
6
School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Šalata ul. 2, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
7
School of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
8
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
9
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20/1, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3583; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113583
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 22 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Interventions for Chronic Pain and Inflammatory Diseases)
There is growing evidence of the dietary impact on obesity-induced low-grade chronic inflammation and the associated chronic non-communicable diseases modification. We determined changes in body composition and cardiometabolic and inflammatory status of participants with obesity after 24 weeks of a dietary intervention based on an energy-reduced anti-inflammatory diet and examined the relationship of these changes with changes in the inflammatory potential of the diet. The anthropometric and body composition parameters of 81 participants (average age of 43 years, 74 women) were assessed. Metabolic status was determined using the glycemic and lipid statuses, and the cardiometabolic index and inflammatory status were determined using the concentration of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). The inflammatory potential of the diet was assessed using the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®). Intervention with an anti-inflammatory diet resulted in a significant reduction in body weight and visceral adipose tissue and caused improvements in the participants’ cardiometabolic and inflammatory statuses. The anti-inflammatory diet was shown to be effective regarding obesity management. The study data could advance current scientific knowledge in the field of inflammation and diet, provide guidelines for obesity management, and find its application in routine clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-inflammatory; cytokines; diet; inflammation; obesity; weight reduction programs anti-inflammatory; cytokines; diet; inflammation; obesity; weight reduction programs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kenđel Jovanović, G.; Mrakovcic-Sutic, I.; Pavičić Žeželj, S.; Šuša, B.; Rahelić, D.; Klobučar Majanović, S. The Efficacy of an Energy-Restricted Anti-Inflammatory Diet for the Management of Obesity in Younger Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113583

AMA Style

Kenđel Jovanović G, Mrakovcic-Sutic I, Pavičić Žeželj S, Šuša B, Rahelić D, Klobučar Majanović S. The Efficacy of an Energy-Restricted Anti-Inflammatory Diet for the Management of Obesity in Younger Adults. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113583

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kenđel Jovanović, Gordana, Ines Mrakovcic-Sutic, Sandra Pavičić Žeželj, Branislav Šuša, Dario Rahelić, and Sanja Klobučar Majanović. 2020. "The Efficacy of an Energy-Restricted Anti-Inflammatory Diet for the Management of Obesity in Younger Adults" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113583

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