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Milk and Dairy Products and Their Impact on Carbohydrate Metabolism and Fertility—A Potential Role in the Diet of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Department of Clinical Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, E Ciołka Str. 27, 01-445 Warsaw, Poland
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Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3491; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113491
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Products for Human Health)
Milk and dairy products are considered an important component of healthy and balanced diet and are deemed to exert a positive effect on human health. They appear to play a role in the prevention and treatment of carbohydrate balance disturbances. The products include numerous valuable components with a potential hypoglycemic activity, such as calcium, vitamin D, magnesium and probiotics. Multiple authors suggested that the consumption of dairy products was negatively associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and ovulation disorders. However, there are still numerous ambiguities concerning both the presumed protective role of dairy products in carbohydrate metabolism disorders, and the advantage of consuming low-fat dairy products over high-fat ones, especially in women with the risk of ovulation disorders. Therefore, this literature review aims at the presentation of the current state of knowledge concerning the relationship between dairy product consumption and the risk of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus in women, and the potential effect on the course of polycystic ovary syndrome. View Full-Text
Keywords: milk; dairy products; type 2 diabetes mellitus; insulin resistance; polycystic ovary syndrome; fertility; ovulation milk; dairy products; type 2 diabetes mellitus; insulin resistance; polycystic ovary syndrome; fertility; ovulation
MDPI and ACS Style

Janiszewska, J.; Ostrowska, J.; Szostak-Węgierek, D. Milk and Dairy Products and Their Impact on Carbohydrate Metabolism and Fertility—A Potential Role in the Diet of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3491.

AMA Style

Janiszewska J, Ostrowska J, Szostak-Węgierek D. Milk and Dairy Products and Their Impact on Carbohydrate Metabolism and Fertility—A Potential Role in the Diet of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3491.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Janiszewska, Justyna; Ostrowska, Joanna; Szostak-Węgierek, Dorota. 2020. "Milk and Dairy Products and Their Impact on Carbohydrate Metabolism and Fertility—A Potential Role in the Diet of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3491.

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