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Article

Factors Influencing the Early Introduction of Sugar Sweetened Beverages among Infants: Findings from the HSHK Birth Cohort Study

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School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Rozetta Institute, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
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School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
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Australian Centre for Public and Population Health Research, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
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Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
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Oral Health Services, Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Dental Hospital, NSW Health, Surry Hills, NSW 2010, Australia
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Sydney Dental School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Surry Hills, NSW 2010, Australia
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Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3343; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113343
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 25 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating-Behavior in Children and Adolescents)
Understanding the determinants of early introduction of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) may assist in designing effective public health interventions to prevent childhood weight related conditions (obesity). This study explores the relationship between family/infant characteristics and the early introduction of SSBs among infants in Sydney, Australia. Mothers (n = 934) from an ongoing birth cohort study were interviewed at 8, 17, 34, and 52 weeks postpartum. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify family/infant factors independently associated with the likelihood of early introduction of SSBs (<52 weeks of age). Of the 934 mothers interviewed, 42.7% (n = 399) of infants were introduced to SSBs before 52 weeks. Mothers who were born in Vietnam (adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.14; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.33, 3.47), other Asian countries (AOR = 1.62; 95% CI 1.02, 2.58) as well as single mothers (AOR = 3.72; 95% CI 2.46, 5.62) had higher odds of introducing SSBs early to their infants. Mothers from highly advantaged socioeconomic background (AOR = 0.43; 95% CI 0.28, 0.68), those who breastfed their baby for 17–25 weeks (AOR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.37, 0.99), 26–51 weeks (AOR = 0.65; 95% CI 0.45, 0.94), and 52 weeks or more (AOR = 0.62; 95% CI 0.43, 0.90); and those who introduced solids between 17–25 weeks (AOR = 0.58; 95% CI 0.36, 0.91) and 26 weeks or more (AOR = 0.55; 95% CI 0.34, 0.91) had reduced odds of introducing SSBs early. Tailoring health promotion programs for these vulnerable groups may delay the introduction of SSBs. View Full-Text
Keywords: sugar sweetened beverages; infants; cohort study; discretionary food; Australia sugar sweetened beverages; infants; cohort study; discretionary food; Australia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Irvine, V.; John, J.R.; Scott, J.A.; Hayen, A.; Do, L.G.; Bhole, S.; Ha, D.; Kolt, G.S.; Arora, A. Factors Influencing the Early Introduction of Sugar Sweetened Beverages among Infants: Findings from the HSHK Birth Cohort Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3343. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113343

AMA Style

Irvine V, John JR, Scott JA, Hayen A, Do LG, Bhole S, Ha D, Kolt GS, Arora A. Factors Influencing the Early Introduction of Sugar Sweetened Beverages among Infants: Findings from the HSHK Birth Cohort Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3343. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113343

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irvine, Vanessa, James R. John, Jane A. Scott, Andrew Hayen, Loc G. Do, Sameer Bhole, Diep Ha, Gregory S. Kolt, and Amit Arora. 2020. "Factors Influencing the Early Introduction of Sugar Sweetened Beverages among Infants: Findings from the HSHK Birth Cohort Study" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3343. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113343

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