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Open AccessReview

Impact of Strategies for Preventing Obesity and Risk Factors for Eating Disorders among Adolescents: A Systematic Review

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Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
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Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
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Department of Psychiatric, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 04038-000, Brazil
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Nutrition and Feeding Difficulties Excellence Center, PENSI Institute, Sabará Children’s Hospital, São Paulo 01228-200, Brazil
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Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
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Laboratorio de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago 8320000, Chile
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3134; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103134
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
An effective behavior change program is the first line of prevention for youth obesity. However, effectiveness in prevention of adolescent obesity requires several approaches, with special attention paid to disordered eating behaviors and psychological support, among other environmental factors. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the impact of two types of obesity prevention programs, inclusive of behavior change components, on weight outcomes. “Energy-balance” studies are aimed at reducing calories from high-energy sources and increasing physical activity (PA) levels, while “shared risk factors for obesity and eating disorders” focus on reducing disordered eating behaviors to promote a positive food and eating relationship. A systematic search of ProQuest, PubMed, PsycInfo, SciELO, and Web of Science identified 8825 articles. Thirty-five studies were included in the review, of which 20 regarded “energy-balance” and 15 “shared risk factors for obesity and eating disorders”. “Energy-balance” studies were unable to support maintenance weight status, diet, and PA. “Shared risk factors for obesity and eating disorders” programs also did not result in significant differences in weight status over time. However, the majority of “shared risk factors for obesity and eating disorders” studies demonstrated reduced body dissatisfaction, dieting, and weight-control behaviors. Research is needed to examine how a shared risk factor approach can address both obesity and eating disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; eating disorders; adolescents; prevention programs; systematic review obesity; eating disorders; adolescents; prevention programs; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leme, A.C.B.; Haines, J.; Tang, L.; Dunker, K.L.L.; Philippi, S.T.; Fisberg, M.; Ferrari, G.L.; Fisberg, R.M. Impact of Strategies for Preventing Obesity and Risk Factors for Eating Disorders among Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103134

AMA Style

Leme ACB, Haines J, Tang L, Dunker KLL, Philippi ST, Fisberg M, Ferrari GL, Fisberg RM. Impact of Strategies for Preventing Obesity and Risk Factors for Eating Disorders among Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leme, Ana C.B.; Haines, Jess; Tang, Lisa; Dunker, Karin L.L.; Philippi, Sonia T.; Fisberg, Mauro; Ferrari, Gerson L.; Fisberg, Regina M. 2020. "Impact of Strategies for Preventing Obesity and Risk Factors for Eating Disorders among Adolescents: A Systematic Review" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3134. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103134

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