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Serum Phospholipids Fatty Acids and Breast Cancer Risk by Pathological Subtype

Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology & Public Health, CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
GEICAM Spanish Breast Cancer Group, 28703 Madrid, Spain
Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, 46009 Valencia, Spain
Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
Instituto de Investigación e Innovación Biomédica de Cádiz (INiBICA), 11009 Cádiz, Spain
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Biomedical Research Institute INCLIVA, 46010 Valencia, Spain
CIBERONC, ISCIII, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Analytical Chemistry Department, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Maimónides Institute of Biomedical Research (IMIBIC), Reina Sofia University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
CIBERFES, ISCIII, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Medical Oncology Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, 15006 A Coruña, Spain
Complejo Hospitalario de Jaén, 23007 Jaén, Spain
Centro Oncológico de Galicia, 15009 A Coruña, Spain
Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, 28871 Madrid, Spain
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Medical Oncology, Hospital Clínic Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
Translational Genomics and Targeted Therapeutics, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques Pi i Sunyer-IDIBAPS, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, 39008 Santander, Spain
Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, 46015 Valencia, Spain
Hospital General Yagüe, 09005 Burgos, Spain
Hospital General de Vic, 08500 Barcelona, Spain
Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, 28007 Madrid, Spain
Instituto Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense, 28007 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3132;
Received: 26 August 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
This study evaluates whether serum phospholipids fatty acids (PL-FAs) and markers of their endogenous metabolism are associated with breast cancer (BC) subtypes. EpiGEICAM is a Spanish multicenter matched case-control study. A lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire was completed by 1017 BC cases and healthy women pairs. Serum PL-FA percentages were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Conditional and multinomial logistic regression models were used to quantify the association of PL-FA tertiles with BC risk, overall and by pathological subtype (luminal, HER2+ and triple negative). Stratified analyses by body mass index and menopausal status were also performed. Serum PL-FAs were measured in 795 (78%) pairs. Women with high serum levels of stearic acid (odds ratio (OR)T3vsT1 = 0.44; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.30–0.66), linoleic acid (ORT3vsT1 = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.49–0.90) and arachidonic to dihomo-γ-linolenic acid ratio (OR T3vsT1 = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.48–0.84) presented lower BC risk. Participants with high concentrations of palmitoleic acid (ORT3vsT1 = 1.65; 95% CI = 1.20–2.26), trans-ruminant palmitelaidic acid (ORT3vsT1 = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.12–2.02), trans-industrial elaidic acid (ORT3vsT1 = 1.52; 95% CI = 1.14–2.03), and high oleic to stearic acid ratio (ORT3vsT1 = 2.04; 95% CI = 1.45–2.87) showed higher risk. These associations were similar in all BC pathological subtypes. Our results emphasize the importance of analyzing fatty acids individually, as well as the desaturase activity indices. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast neoplasm; breast cancer subtypes; desaturation indices; fats; EpiGEICAM breast neoplasm; breast cancer subtypes; desaturation indices; fats; EpiGEICAM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lope, V.; Guerrero-Zotano, Á.; Casas, A.; Baena-Cañada, J.M.; Bermejo, B.; Pérez-Gómez, B.; Criado-Navarro, I.; Antolín, S.; Sánchez-Rovira, P.; Ramos-Vázquez, M.; Antón, A.; Castelló, A.; García-Saénz, J.Á.; Muñoz, M.; de Juan, A.; Andrés, R.; Llombart-Cussac, A.; Hernando, B.; Franquesa, R.M.; Caballero, R.; Priego-Capote, F.; Martín, M.; Pollán, M. Serum Phospholipids Fatty Acids and Breast Cancer Risk by Pathological Subtype. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3132.

AMA Style

Lope V, Guerrero-Zotano Á, Casas A, Baena-Cañada JM, Bermejo B, Pérez-Gómez B, Criado-Navarro I, Antolín S, Sánchez-Rovira P, Ramos-Vázquez M, Antón A, Castelló A, García-Saénz JÁ, Muñoz M, de Juan A, Andrés R, Llombart-Cussac A, Hernando B, Franquesa RM, Caballero R, Priego-Capote F, Martín M, Pollán M. Serum Phospholipids Fatty Acids and Breast Cancer Risk by Pathological Subtype. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3132.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lope, Virginia, Ángel Guerrero-Zotano, Ana Casas, José M. Baena-Cañada, Begoña Bermejo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Inmaculada Criado-Navarro, Silvia Antolín, Pedro Sánchez-Rovira, Manuel Ramos-Vázquez, Antonio Antón, Adela Castelló, José Á. García-Saénz, Montserrat Muñoz, Ana de Juan, Raquel Andrés, Antonio Llombart-Cussac, Blanca Hernando, Rosa M. Franquesa, Rosalia Caballero, Feliciano Priego-Capote, Miguel Martín, and Marina Pollán. 2020. "Serum Phospholipids Fatty Acids and Breast Cancer Risk by Pathological Subtype" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3132.

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