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Open AccessArticle

Identification of Inflammatory and Disease-Associated Plasma Proteins that Associate with Intake of Added Sugar and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Their Role in Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, 214 28 Malmö, Sweden
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Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3129; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103129
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 9 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of Carbohydrates Intake on Inflammation)
It has been suggested that high intake of added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increase the level of circulating inflammatory proteins and that chronic inflammation plays a role in type 2 diabetes (T2D) development. We aim to examine how added sugar and SSB intake associate with 136 measured plasma proteins and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the Malmö Diet and Cancer–Cardiovascular Cohort (n = 4382), and examine if the identified added sugar- and SSB-associated proteins associate with T2D incidence. A two-step iterative resampling approach was used to internally replicate proteins that associated with added sugar and SSB intake. Nine proteins were identified to associate with added sugar intake, of which only two associated with T2D incidence (p < 0.00045). Seven proteins were identified to associate with SSB intake, of which six associated strongly with T2D incidence (p < 6.9 × 10−8). No significant associations were observed between added sugar and SSB intake and CRP concentrations. In summary, our elucidation of the relationship between plasma proteome and added sugar and SSB intake, in relation to future T2D risk, demonstrated that SSB intake, rather than the total intake of added sugar, was related to a T2D-pathological proteomic signature. However, external replication is needed to verify the findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: added sugar; sugar-sweetened beverages; inflammation; inflammatory proteins; proteomics; type 2 diabetes added sugar; sugar-sweetened beverages; inflammation; inflammatory proteins; proteomics; type 2 diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramne, S.; Drake, I.; Ericson, U.; Nilsson, J.; Orho-Melander, M.; Engström, G.; Sonestedt, E. Identification of Inflammatory and Disease-Associated Plasma Proteins that Associate with Intake of Added Sugar and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Their Role in Type 2 Diabetes Risk. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3129.

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