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The Nutritional and Health Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

Department of Bromatology, Medical University of Bialystok, Mickiewicza 2D St., 15-222 Bialystok, Poland
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Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3013; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103013
Received: 16 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition within and beyond Corona Virus)
COVID-19 related restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus result in changes in daily routines and physical activity which can have a negative effect on eating and health habits. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with diabetes and their nutrition and health behaviours. A survey conducted in July 2020 included 124 individuals with type 1 (n = 90) and 2 (n = 34) diabetes mellitus from Poland. To assess nutritional and health behaviours, an online questionnaire covering basic information, anthropometric data, and details regarding physical activity, eating, and hygiene habits was used. Almost 40% of all respondents with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) stated that their disease self-management had significantly improved. Over 60% of all participants declared that they had started eating more nutritious and regular meals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Enhanced hygiene, in particular, during the period, a statistically significant increase in hand sanitiser use was reported by respondents (18% vs. 82%, p < 0.001). The study demonstrated that the pandemic had a significant impact on the behaviour of patients with DM. Improved disease self-management and making healthy, informed food and hygiene choices were observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; COVID-19; food choices; eating behaviours; lifestyle habits; survey; hygiene; sleep; stress; nutrition diabetes mellitus; COVID-19; food choices; eating behaviours; lifestyle habits; survey; hygiene; sleep; stress; nutrition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grabia, M.; Markiewicz-Żukowska, R.; Puścion-Jakubik, A.; Bielecka, J.; Nowakowski, P.; Gromkowska-Kępka, K.; Mielcarek, K.; Socha, K. The Nutritional and Health Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3013. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103013

AMA Style

Grabia M, Markiewicz-Żukowska R, Puścion-Jakubik A, Bielecka J, Nowakowski P, Gromkowska-Kępka K, Mielcarek K, Socha K. The Nutritional and Health Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3013. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grabia, Monika; Markiewicz-Żukowska, Renata; Puścion-Jakubik, Anna; Bielecka, Joanna; Nowakowski, Patryk; Gromkowska-Kępka, Krystyna; Mielcarek, Konrad; Socha, Katarzyna. 2020. "The Nutritional and Health Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with Diabetes Mellitus" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3013. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103013

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