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The Evolving Microbiome from Pregnancy to Early Infancy: A Comprehensive Review

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix”, Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Parque Tecnológico de la Salud, Avenida del Conocimiento s/n, Armilla, 18100 Granada, Spain
ibs.GRANADA, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, 18014 Granada, Spain
Neonatology Unit, University Hospital Cruces, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
BCNatal-Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Sant Joan de Deu and Hospital Clínic), 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu (IR-SJD), 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, High Risk Unit, Sant Pau University Hospital, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
Women and Perinatal Health Research Group, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB-Sant Pau), Sant Pau University Hospital, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
Neonatology Unit, Hospital Clinic-Maternitat, ICGON, BCNatal, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
Servicio de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Departamento de Salud Pública y Materno infantil, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, 39008 Cantabria, Spain
Servicio de Pediatría, Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital La Paz, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Hospital la Paz (IdiPAZ), 28029 Madrid, Spain
Red de investigación Traslacional en Infectología Pediátrica (RITIP), 28046 Madrid, Spain
Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica, Hospital La Paz, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Donated Milk Bank, Health Research Institute i + 12, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Neonatal Research Group, Health Research Institute La Fe, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, 46026 Valencia, Spain
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Neonatology Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, BCNatal, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Neonatology La Paz University Hospital, 28046 Madrid, Spain
European Network of Excellence for Pediatric Clinical Research, 27100 Bari, Italy
Department of Paediatrics-Neonatology Quironsalud, Madrid University Hospital and Biomedical Research Foundation-IDIPAZ, La Paz University Hospital, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All the authors are the members of SAMID Network. RETICS funded by the PN I+D+I 2018–2021 (Spain), ISCIII-Sub-Directorate General for Research Assessment and Promotion and the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER), ref. RD16/0022.
Nutrients 2020, 12(1), 133;
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 20 December 2019 / Published: 2 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Microbiota and Noncommunicable Diseases)
Pregnancy induces a number of immunological, hormonal, and metabolic changes that are necessary for the mother to adapt her body to this new physiological situation. The microbiome of the mother, the placenta and the fetus influence the fetus growth and undoubtedly plays a major role in the adequate development of the newborn infant. Hence, the microbiome modulates the inflammatory mechanisms related to physiological and pathological processes that are involved in the perinatal progress through different mechanisms. The present review summarizes the actual knowledge related to physiological changes in the microbiota occurring in the mother, the fetus, and the child, both during neonatal period and beyond. In addition, we approach some specific pathological situations during the perinatal periods, as well as the influence of the type of delivery and feeding. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiome; pregnancy; fetus; placenta; newborn; infancy; critical illness; sepsis; allergy microbiome; pregnancy; fetus; placenta; newborn; infancy; critical illness; sepsis; allergy
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mesa, M.D.; Loureiro, B.; Iglesia, I.; Fernandez Gonzalez, S.; Llurba Olivé, E.; García Algar, O.; Solana, M.J.; Cabero Perez, M.J.; Sainz, T.; Martinez, L.; Escuder-Vieco, D.; Parra-Llorca, A.; Sánchez-Campillo, M.; Rodriguez Martinez, G.; Gómez Roig, D.; Perez Gruz, M.; Andreu-Fernández, V.; Clotet, J.; Sailer, S.; Iglesias-Platas, I.; López-Herce, J.; Aras, R.; Pallás-Alonso, C.; de Pipaon, M.S.; Vento, M.; Gormaz, M.; Larqué Daza, E.; Calvo, C.; Cabañas, F. The Evolving Microbiome from Pregnancy to Early Infancy: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 133.

AMA Style

Mesa MD, Loureiro B, Iglesia I, Fernandez Gonzalez S, Llurba Olivé E, García Algar O, Solana MJ, Cabero Perez MJ, Sainz T, Martinez L, Escuder-Vieco D, Parra-Llorca A, Sánchez-Campillo M, Rodriguez Martinez G, Gómez Roig D, Perez Gruz M, Andreu-Fernández V, Clotet J, Sailer S, Iglesias-Platas I, López-Herce J, Aras R, Pallás-Alonso C, de Pipaon MS, Vento M, Gormaz M, Larqué Daza E, Calvo C, Cabañas F. The Evolving Microbiome from Pregnancy to Early Infancy: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(1):133.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mesa, María D., Begoña Loureiro, Iris Iglesia, Sergi Fernandez Gonzalez, Elisa Llurba Olivé, Oscar García Algar, María J. Solana, Mª J. Cabero Perez, Talia Sainz, Leopoldo Martinez, Diana Escuder-Vieco, Anna Parra-Llorca, María Sánchez-Campillo, Gerardo Rodriguez Martinez, Dolores Gómez Roig, Myriam Perez Gruz, Vicente Andreu-Fernández, Jordi Clotet, Sebastian Sailer, Isabel Iglesias-Platas, Jesús López-Herce, Rosa Aras, Carmen Pallás-Alonso, Miguel S. de Pipaon, Máximo Vento, María Gormaz, Elvira Larqué Daza, Cristina Calvo, and Fernando Cabañas. 2020. "The Evolving Microbiome from Pregnancy to Early Infancy: A Comprehensive Review" Nutrients 12, no. 1: 133.

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