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Review

Association of Sleep Quality and Macronutrient Distribution: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

Food Science and Technology Programme, Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543, Singapore
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Nutrients 2020, 12(1), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010126
Received: 20 November 2019 / Revised: 26 December 2019 / Accepted: 29 December 2019 / Published: 2 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep, Nutrition, and Human Health)
Sleep is involved in metabolic, emotional and cognitive regulation and is therefore an essential part of our health. Although an association between sleep quality and macronutrient intake has been reported, studies on the effect of macronutrient distribution with sleep quality are limited, and available results are inconsistent. In this study, we aim to assess the association between sleep quality and macronutrient distribution in healthy adults from systematically reviewed cross-sectional studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A total of 19 relevant articles were selected and it was observed that good sleepers (sleep duration ≥ 7 h, global sleep score ≤ 5, sleep latency ≤ 30 min and sleep efficiency >85%) had a higher energy distribution from dietary protein than poor sleepers. On the other hand, good sleepers showed a relatively lower percentage of energy from dietary carbohydrate and fat than poor sleepers. However, meta-regression analysis revealed no dose-dependent association between the macronutrient distributions and sleep duration. These results suggest that consuming a greater proportion of dietary protein may benefit on improving sleep quality in healthy adults. However, findings may be susceptible to reverse causality and additional RCTs are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep quality; macronutrients distribution; dietary protein; acceptable macronutrient distribution range sleep quality; macronutrients distribution; dietary protein; acceptable macronutrient distribution range
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sutanto, C.N.; Wang, M.X.; Tan, D.; Kim, J.E. Association of Sleep Quality and Macronutrient Distribution: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression. Nutrients 2020, 12, 126. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010126

AMA Style

Sutanto CN, Wang MX, Tan D, Kim JE. Association of Sleep Quality and Macronutrient Distribution: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression. Nutrients. 2020; 12(1):126. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010126

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sutanto, Clarinda N., Min X. Wang, Denise Tan, and Jung E. Kim 2020. "Association of Sleep Quality and Macronutrient Distribution: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression" Nutrients 12, no. 1: 126. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010126

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