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Problematic Internet Use as a Predictor of Eating Disorders in Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study

Department of Didactics and School Organization, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2151; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092151
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 14 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
Problematic Internet use (PIU) has begun to be linked to the development of certain eating disorders. This uncontrolled use of the Internet is mainly found in the student population. The purposes of this paper were to determine PIU-related eating disorders in students from a systematic review of the literature and to analyze the incidence of PIU in eating disorders through a meta-analysis of the literature. We used two electronic databases (Web of Science and Scopus) from inception to June 2019. The systematic literature review was based on fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 12 studies were identified (systematic review) and 10 studies for meta-analysis, which included 16,520 students. Different eating disorders were associated with PIU: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, food preoccupation, loss of control eating, and dieting. Furthermore, meta-analysis confirmed that PIU is a predictor of eating disorders in students. The groups of students with PIU presented a higher rate in the presence of eating disorders, these differences being significant. Finally, this study showed empirical evidence on the link between PIU and eating disorders. The need for prevention in childhood and adolescence is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet addiction; eating disorders; students; systematic review; meta-analysis Internet addiction; eating disorders; students; systematic review; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hinojo-Lucena, F.-J.; Aznar-Díaz, I.; Cáceres-Reche, M.-P.; Trujillo-Torres, J.-M.; Romero-Rodríguez, J.-M. Problematic Internet Use as a Predictor of Eating Disorders in Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092151

AMA Style

Hinojo-Lucena F-J, Aznar-Díaz I, Cáceres-Reche M-P, Trujillo-Torres J-M, Romero-Rodríguez J-M. Problematic Internet Use as a Predictor of Eating Disorders in Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(9):2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092151

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hinojo-Lucena, Francisco-Javier, Inmaculada Aznar-Díaz, María-Pilar Cáceres-Reche, Juan-Manuel Trujillo-Torres, and José-María Romero-Rodríguez. 2019. "Problematic Internet Use as a Predictor of Eating Disorders in Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study" Nutrients 11, no. 9: 2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092151

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