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Functional Relationship between Leptin and Nitric Oxide in Metabolism

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Metabolic Research Laboratory, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Obesity and Adipobiology Group, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra (IdiSNA), 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Medical Engineering Laboratory, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Clinica Medica “A. Murri”, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari Medical School, Policlinico Hospital, 70124 Bari, Italy
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Department of Endocrinology & Nutrition, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2129; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092129
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 23 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leptin)
Leptin, the product of the ob gene, was originally described as a satiety factor, playing a crucial role in the control of body weight. Nevertheless, the wide distribution of leptin receptors in peripheral tissues supports that leptin exerts pleiotropic biological effects, consisting of the modulation of numerous processes including thermogenesis, reproduction, angiogenesis, hematopoiesis, osteogenesis, neuroendocrine, and immune functions as well as arterial pressure control. Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical synthesized from L-arginine by the action of the NO synthase (NOS) enzyme. Three NOS isoforms have been identified: the neuronal NOS (nNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) constitutive isoforms, and the inducible NOS (iNOS). NO mediates multiple biological effects in a variety of physiological systems such as energy balance, blood pressure, reproduction, immune response, or reproduction. Leptin and NO on their own participate in multiple common physiological processes, with a functional relationship between both factors having been identified. The present review describes the functional relationship between leptin and NO in different physiological processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: leptin; nitric oxide; nitric oxide synthase leptin; nitric oxide; nitric oxide synthase
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Becerril, S.; Rodríguez, A.; Catalán, V.; Ramírez, B.; Unamuno, X.; Portincasa, P.; Gómez-Ambrosi, J.; Frühbeck, G. Functional Relationship between Leptin and Nitric Oxide in Metabolism. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2129.

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