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Brain and Cognitive Development in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review of fMRI Studies
Review

Children in Need—Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Treatment and Outcome of Early Onset Anorexia Nervosa

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, RWTH, Neuenhofer Weg 21, D-52074 Aachen, Germany
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Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1932; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081932
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 12 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Eating and Feeding Disturbances)
Knowledge of anorexia nervosa (AN) in childhood is scarce. This review gives a state-of-the-art overview on the definition, classification, epidemiology and etiology of this serious disorder. The typical features of childhood AN in comparison to adolescent AN and avoidant restrictive eating disorder (ARFID) are described. Other important issues discussed in this article are somatic and psychiatric comorbidity, differential diagnoses and medical and psychological assessment of young patients with AN. Special problems in the medical and psychological treatment of AN in children are listed, although very few studies have investigated age-specific treatment strategies. The physical and mental outcomes of childhood AN appear to be worse than those of adolescent AN, although the causes for these outcomes are unclear. There is an urgent need for ongoing intensive research to reduce the consequences of this debilitating disorder of childhood and to help patients recover. View Full-Text
Keywords: anorexia nervosa; childhood; children; review; comorbidity; medical assessment; treatment; outcome anorexia nervosa; childhood; children; review; comorbidity; medical assessment; treatment; outcome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herpertz-Dahlmann, B.; Dahmen, B. Children in Need—Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Treatment and Outcome of Early Onset Anorexia Nervosa. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081932

AMA Style

Herpertz-Dahlmann B, Dahmen B. Children in Need—Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Treatment and Outcome of Early Onset Anorexia Nervosa. Nutrients. 2019; 11(8):1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081932

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate, and Brigitte Dahmen. 2019. "Children in Need—Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Treatment and Outcome of Early Onset Anorexia Nervosa" Nutrients 11, no. 8: 1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081932

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