Next Article in Journal
Influence of Water Intake and Balance on Body Composition in Healthy Young Adults from Spain
Previous Article in Journal
Modulation of Gut Microbiota for Health by Current and Next-Generation Probiotics
Open AccessArticle

Significant Decrease in Childhood Obesity and Waist Circumference over 15 Years in Switzerland: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study

ETH Zurich, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, Laboratory of Human Nutrition, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1922; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081922
Received: 27 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
  |  
PDF [694 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

Despite a global increase in childhood obesity over the past decades, several countries, including Switzerland, have recently reported stabilizing trends. Using national data from school-aged children in Switzerland over the past 16 years, our study aim was to assess changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity, central adiposity and predictors of obesity related to lifestyle and parental factors. Nationally representative samples of children aged 6–12 years were studied in 2002 (n = 2493), 2007 (n = 2218), 2012 (n = 2963), and 2017/18 (n = 2279). Height and weight, waist circumference, and multiple skinfold thicknesses were measured. Potential risk factors for overweight and obesity were determined using a self-administered questionnaire in 2017/18, collecting data on diet, physical activity, and parental factors. Prevalence (95% CI) of overweight (incl. obesity) and obesity in 2017/18 was 15.9% (14.4–17.4) and 5.3% (4.5–6.3), respectively. Binary logistic regression revealed a small but significant decrease in the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) since 2002 (OR (95% CI) = 0.988 (0.978–0.997)), while the change in obesity alone was not significant. The most important risk factors for childhood overweight/obesity in 2017/18 were low parental education, non-Swiss origin of the parents, low physical activity of the child, and male sex. In conclusion, we have shown a small but significant declining trend in the childhood overweight/obesity prevalence over the past 15 years in Switzerland. Based on the risk factor analysis, preventive action in schoolchildren might be most effective in boys, migrant populations, and families with lower education, and should emphasize physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood obesity; waist circumference; Switzerland; overweight; skinfold thickness; physical activity childhood obesity; waist circumference; Switzerland; overweight; skinfold thickness; physical activity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Herter-Aeberli, I.; Osuna, E.; Sarnovská, Z.; Zimmermann, M.B. Significant Decrease in Childhood Obesity and Waist Circumference over 15 Years in Switzerland: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1922.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top