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Dietary Fat Intake and Metabolic Syndrome in Older Adults

1
Research Group on Community Nutrition & Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, IDISBA & CIBEROBN, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2
Escola Graduada Primary Health Care Center, IBSalut, 07001 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1901; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081901
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
PDF [331 KB, uploaded 14 August 2019]
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Abstract

Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is associated with higher rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cancer worldwide. Objective: To assess fat intake in older adults with or without MetS. Design: Cross-sectional nutritional survey in older adults living in the Balearic Islands (n = 477, 48% women, 55–80 years old) with no previous CVD. Methods: Assessment of fat (total fat, MUFA, PUFA, SFA, TFA, linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, marine and non-marine ω-3 FA, animal fat and vegetable fat, cholesterol) and macronutrient intake using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and its comparison with recommendations of the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Results: Participants with MetS showed higher BMI, lower physical activity, higher total fat and MUFA intake, and lower intake of energy, carbohydrates, and fiber than participants without MetS. Men and women with MetS were below the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) proposed by IOM for carbohydrates and above the AMDR for total fat and MUFAs, and women were below the AMDR proposed for α-linolenic acid (ALA) compared with participants without MetS. Conclusions: Subjects with MetS were less likely to meet IOM and SENC recommendations for fat and macronutrient intakes as compared to non-MetS subjects.
Keywords: older adults; macronutrient intake; dietary intake; fat intake; metabolic syndrome older adults; macronutrient intake; dietary intake; fat intake; metabolic syndrome
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Julibert, A.; Bibiloni, M.M.; Mateos, D.; Angullo, E.; Tur, J.A. Dietary Fat Intake and Metabolic Syndrome in Older Adults. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1901.

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