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Article

Predicting and Testing Bioavailability of Magnesium Supplements

1
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1663; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071663
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 15 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 20 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Magnesium for Health and Diseases)
Despite the presumption of the beneficial effects of magnesium supplementation, little is known about the pharmacokinetics of different magnesium formulations. We aimed to investigate the value of two in vitro approaches to predict bioavailability of magnesium and to validate this in subsequent in vivo testing. In vitro assessment of 15 commercially available magnesium formulations was performed by means of a Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME®) and by dissolution tests. Two magnesium formulations with contrasting bioavailability prediction from both in vitro tests (best vs. worst) were selected for in vivo testing in 30 subjects. In vivo bioavailability was compared following one acute ingestion by monitoring blood magnesium concentrations up to 6 h following intake. The in vitro tests showed a very wide variation in absorption and dissolution of the 15 magnesium products. In the in vivo testing, a significant different serum magnesium absorption profile was found up to 4 h following supplement ingestion for the two supplements with opposing in vitro test results. Moreover, maximal serum magnesium increase and total area under the curve were significantly different for both supplements (+6.2% vs. +4.6% and 6.87 vs. 0.31 mM.min, respectively). Collectively, poor bioaccessibility and bioavailability in the SHIME model clearly translated into poor dissolution and poor bioavailability in vivo. This provides a valid methodology for the prediction of in vivo bioavailability and effectiveness of micronutrients by specific in vitro approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: Magnesium; supplements; bioaccessibility; bioavailability Magnesium; supplements; bioaccessibility; bioavailability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blancquaert, L.; Vervaet, C.; Derave, W. Predicting and Testing Bioavailability of Magnesium Supplements. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071663

AMA Style

Blancquaert L, Vervaet C, Derave W. Predicting and Testing Bioavailability of Magnesium Supplements. Nutrients. 2019; 11(7):1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071663

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blancquaert, Laura, Chris Vervaet, and Wim Derave. 2019. "Predicting and Testing Bioavailability of Magnesium Supplements" Nutrients 11, no. 7: 1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071663

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