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Open AccessArticle

Dietary Diversity of an Adult Solomon Islands Population

1
School of Health and Sport Sciences ML41, University of the Sunshine Coast, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia
2
Australian Centre for Pacific Islands Research, University of the Sunshine Coast, Locked bag 4, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia
3
School of Natural Resources and Applied Sciences, Solomon Islands National University, Honiara, Solomon Islands
4
The Hilltop Training Institute, Auki, Malaita, Solomon Islands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1622; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071622
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 13 July 2019 / Published: 17 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Diversity and Diet Quality)
Ongoing dietary transitions in the Solomon Islands has resulted in an over-reliance on commercially sourced foods, leading to food insecurity, and a subsequent rise in multiple forms of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate the individual dietary diversity and food preferences of the adult population living in Auki, Solomon Islands. A cross-sectional study involving 133 adults was undertaken in the Auki district via an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Individual dietary diversity scores (DDS) were determined based on the results of a 24-h recall method. Overall mean DDS was 7.27 (range 2–12). Females and participants who lived outside the Auki town center had significantly higher dietary diversity scores. Low consumption of a variety of nutritious foods within food groups and high consumption of energy dense processed foods, indicates that diet quality is likely limited in some of this population. Participants desire for a diverse diet including local foods suggests that current dietary diversity status in this population may be influenced by food security rather than food preference. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pacific Islands; malnutrition; food systems; food consumption; food preference; dietary intake Pacific Islands; malnutrition; food systems; food consumption; food preference; dietary intake
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Horsey, B.; Swanepoel, L.; Underhill, S.; Aliakbari, J.; Burkhart, S. Dietary Diversity of an Adult Solomon Islands Population. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1622.

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