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The Nutritional Components of Beer and Its Relationship with Neurodegeneration and Alzheimer’s Disease

1
Departamento de Nutrición y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
AFUSAN Research Group. Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria from Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Departamento de Farmacología, Farmacognosia y Botánica, Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Unidad Docente de Toxicología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcalá, 28805 Alcalá de Henares, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1558; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071558
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
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PDF [4810 KB, uploaded 10 July 2019]
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Abstract

The prevalence of degenerative diseases has risen in western countries. Growing evidence suggests that demenia and other cognition affectations are associated with ambient factors including specific nutrients, food ingredients or specific dietary patterns. Mediterranean diet adherence has been associated with various health benefits and decreased risk of many diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Beer, as part of this protective diet, contains compounds such as silicon and hops that could play a major role in preventing brain disorders. In this review, different topics regarding Mediterranean diet, beer and the consumption of their main compounds and their relation to neurological health have been addressed. Taking into account published results from our group and other studies, the hypothesis linking aluminum intoxication with dementia and/or Alzheimer’s disease and the potential role of regular beer has also been considered. Beer, in spite of its alcohol content, may have some health benefits; nonetheless, its consumption is not adequate for all subjects. Thus, this review analyzed some promising results of non-alcoholic beer on several mechanisms engaged in neurodegeneration such as inflammation, oxidation, and cholinesterase activity, and their contribution to the behavioral modifications induced by aluminum intoxication. The review ends by giving conclusions and suggesting future topics of research related to moderate beer consumption and/or the consumption of its major compounds as a potential instrument for protecting against neurodegenerative disease progression and the need to develop nutrigenetic and nutrigenomic studies in aged people and animal models. View Full-Text
Keywords: beer; non-alcoholic beer; Mediterranean diet; aluminum; silicon; dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; neuroprotection beer; non-alcoholic beer; Mediterranean diet; aluminum; silicon; dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; neuroprotection
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Sánchez-Muniz, F.J.; Macho-González, A.; Garcimartín, A.; Santos-López, J.A.; Benedí, J.; Bastida, S.; González-Muñoz, M.J. The Nutritional Components of Beer and Its Relationship with Neurodegeneration and Alzheimer’s Disease. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1558.

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