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Effects of a Personalized VLCKD on Body Composition and Resting Energy Expenditure in the Reversal of Diabetes to Prevent Complications

1
School of Specialization in Food Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
Sadel, Casa di cura San Giuseppe, 88836 Cotronei (KR), Italy
4
Division of Cardiology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1526; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071526
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preventive Nutrition)
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Abstract

The reversion of diabetes and the treatment of long-term obesity are difficult challenges. The failure mechanisms of rapid weight loss are mainly related to the wasting of lean mass. This single-arm study aims to evaluate the effects of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) on body composition and resting energy expenditure in the short term reversal of diabetes mellitus Type 2. For eight weeks, subjects were administered a personalized VLCKD with protein intake based on lean mass and synthetic amino acidic protein supplementation. Each subject was assessed by anthropometry, Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry(DXA), bioimpedentiometric analysis (BIA), indirect calorimetry, and biochemical analysis. The main findings were the saving of lean mass, the reduction of abdominal fat mass, restored metabolic flexibility, the maintenance of resting energy expenditure, and the reversion of diabetes. These results highlight how the application of preventive, predictive, personalized, and participative medicine to nutrition may be promising for the prevention of diabetes and enhancement of obesity treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; reversibility; obesity; nutrition; prevention; body composition; indirect calorimetry; lean mass; resting energy expenditure; VLCKD diabetes; reversibility; obesity; nutrition; prevention; body composition; indirect calorimetry; lean mass; resting energy expenditure; VLCKD
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Romano, L.; Marchetti, M.; Gualtieri, P.; Di Renzo, L.; Belcastro, M.; De Santis, G.L.; Perrone, M.A.; De Lorenzo, A. Effects of a Personalized VLCKD on Body Composition and Resting Energy Expenditure in the Reversal of Diabetes to Prevent Complications. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1526.

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