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Relative Validity of a Food and Beverage Preference Questionnaire to Characterize Taste Phenotypes in Children Adolescents and Adults

1
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2
Institute for Public Health and Nursing Science, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Department of Biomedicine and Public Health, School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, 54128 Skövde, Sweden
5
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden
6
Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Pécs, 7623 Pécs, Hungary
7
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
8
Department of Research, Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan Italy
9
Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, 83100 Avellino, Italy
10
Research and Education Institute of Child Health, 2035 Strovolos, Cyprus
11
Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, 11619 Tallin, Estonia
12
Institute of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1453; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071453
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 23 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Taste, Nutrition and Health)
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Abstract

To assess the relative validity of our food and beverage preference questionnaire we investigated the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores (assessed using a food and beverage preference questionnaire) and sweet and fatty food propensity scores (derived from a food frequency questionnaire). In I.Family, a large European multi-country cohort study, 12,207 participants from Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden, including 5291 adults, 3082 adolescents, and 3834 children, completed a food and beverage preference questionnaire with 63 items. Cumulative preference scores for sweet and fatty taste were calculated from the single item ranking ranging from 1 to 5. The relative consumption frequency of foods classified as sweet and fatty was used to calculate the corresponding consumption propensities, a continuous variable ranging from 0 to 100. We conducted regression analyses to investigate the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores and sweet and fatty food propensity scores, respectively, separately for adults, adolescents ≥12 years, and for children <12 years. The overall sweet taste preference score was positively associated with the sweet food consumption propensity score (β = 2.4, 95% CI: 2.1;2.7) and the fatty taste preference score was positively associated with the fatty food consumption propensity score (β = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.8;2.2). After stratification for age (children <12 years, adolescents ≥12 years, and adults), the effect remained significant in all age groups and was strongest in adolescents and adults. We conclude that our food and beverage preference questionnaire is a useful instrument for epidemiological studies on sensory perception and health outcomes and for the characterization of sensory taste phenotypes. View Full-Text
Keywords: taste preference questionnaire; validation; European children; adolescents; adults taste preference questionnaire; validation; European children; adolescents; adults
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jilani, H.; Pohlabeln, H.; De Henauw, S.; Eiben, G.; Hunsberger, M.; Molnar, D.; Moreno, L.A.; Pala, V.; Russo, P.; Solea, A.; Veidebaum, T.; Ahrens, W.; Hebestreit, A.; IDEFICS and I.Family consortia. Relative Validity of a Food and Beverage Preference Questionnaire to Characterize Taste Phenotypes in Children Adolescents and Adults. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1453.

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