Next Article in Journal
Crohn’s Disease Remission with a Plant-Based Diet: A Case Report
Previous Article in Journal
Congruency of Genetic Predisposition to Lactase Persistence and Lactose Breath Test
Open AccessArticle

High-Protein Diet Containing Dairy Products is Associated with Low Body Mass Index and Glucose Concentrations: A Cross-Sectional Study

Clinical and Sports Nutrition Research Laboratory (Labince), Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás 7605-080, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1384; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061384
Received: 1 May 2019 / Revised: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
The aim was to evaluate whether the ingestion of a high protein diet containing dairy protein is associated with anthropometric indicators of adiposity and blood glucose. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with volunteers of 20–89 years of age who performed leisure physical activity. We assessed dietary intake, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT), random blood glucose as well as sociodemographic and behavioral variables. Results: A total of 418 individuals were evaluated. The consumption of a high-protein diet (1.80 ± 0.49 g/kg/day) was found in 37.8% of individuals, which showed lower BMI, WC, TSFT and blood glucose concentrations compared to those with a low-protein diet (0.56 ± 0.18 g/kg/day). Dairy products consumption was inversely associated with BMI when adjusted for sex and age (odds ratio (OR): 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68–0.93, p = 0.004) and by sex, age, fiber and energy (OR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.67–0.92; p = 0.004), and with blood glucose when adjusted for sex and age (OR: 0.86; 95% CI: 0.74–0.99; p = 0.042). Cheese consumption was inversely associated with blood glucose when adjusted for sex and age (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.55–0.96, p = 0.023) and by sex, age, calories and fibers (OR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56–0.98, p = 0.036). Two portions of cheeses/day reduced the risk of having high blood glucose levels by approximately 80%. Conclusion: A high-protein diet containing dairy food, in particular two servings of cheese, was associated with low BMI and random glucose concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein; dairy products; body mass index; obesity; blood glucose protein; dairy products; body mass index; obesity; blood glucose
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Giglio, B.M.; Duarte, V.I.R.; Galvão, A.F.; Marini, A.C.B.; Schincaglia, R.M.; Mota, J.F.; Souza, L.B.; Pimentel, G.D. High-Protein Diet Containing Dairy Products is Associated with Low Body Mass Index and Glucose Concentrations: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1384.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop