Application of an Australian Dietary Guideline Index to Weighed Food Records
AbstractThe Dietary Guideline Index (DGI) is a validated diet quality index that reflects adherence to the Australian Dietary Guidelines. The aim of the current study was to establish a novel methodology that applied the DGI to dietary data collected via gold standard, weighed food records (WFR). Consisting of 10 components with a maximal score of 120, the DGI reflected the food-based recommendations of the current Australian Dietary Guidelines and included indicators to score adequacy and quality of core food components and discretionary choices within the diet. The DGI was applied to WFR collected from a sample of 141 adults (84 women, 57 men). Differences between gender for each indicator, as well as subscores for core and noncore components of the DGI were examined. Construct validity was assessed by evaluating the relationship between total DGI score and intake of key nutrients of interest. Overall, the median DGI score was low, 50.87 (range 20.6–104.1). Higher DGI scores were associated with lower intakes of saturated fat, added sugars and sodium (P < 0.05). This methodological approach of applying the DGI to WFR may improve our ability to quantify diet quality, thereby providing a tool to assess changes in dietary intake over time and allow the quantification of diet quality as a variable in relation to health outcomes. View Full-Text
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Ward, S.J.; Coates, A.M.; Hill, A.M. Application of an Australian Dietary Guideline Index to Weighed Food Records. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1286.
Ward SJ, Coates AM, Hill AM. Application of an Australian Dietary Guideline Index to Weighed Food Records. Nutrients. 2019; 11(6):1286.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ward, Susan J.; Coates, Alison M.; Hill, Alison M. 2019. "Application of an Australian Dietary Guideline Index to Weighed Food Records." Nutrients 11, no. 6: 1286.
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