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Article

Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study

1
Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
2
Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte de Lemos 3-5, Pabellón 11, 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Casanova, 143, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Science of Dietetics and Nutrition, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 17671 Athens, Greece
5
First Cardiology Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Athens, 15772 Athens, Greece
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First Psychiatry Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Athens, 15772 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1250; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061250
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 30 May 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing and Nutrition through Lifespan)
By 2050, the global population aged 60 years and over is expected to reach nearly 2.1 billion and affective disorders might be also expected to increase. Although nutrition has been related with affective disorders, there is a lack of studies assessing the relation between dietary habits and anxiety among European and Mediterranean older populations. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the association between dietary habits, energy intake, and anxiety symptoms using data from 1128 Greek older adults (>50 years) without pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or any other chronic disease who participated in the ATTICA study. Various socio demographic lifestyle, bio-clinical (e.g., blood pressure), and psychological (e.g., depression) characteristics were used, and dietary habits as well as energy intake were calculated using standard procedures. Older people with anxiety were more likely to be sedentary, to be smokers, and to show symptoms of depression. The saturated fat and added sugars (SFAS) dietary pattern was associated with higher anxiety levels (non-standardized b (95% CI): 5.82 (0.03 to 11.61)). No association between energy intake tertiles and anxiety levels pictured in the later regression model. Moreover, female gender, family status, and depression were positively related to anxiety. Therefore, promoting healthy dietary habits could reduce anxiety symptoms of the older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: snack; sugars; carbohydrate; energy intake; anxiety; older adults; Attica study; Greece snack; sugars; carbohydrate; energy intake; anxiety; older adults; Attica study; Greece
MDPI and ACS Style

F. Masana, M.; Tyrovolas, S.; Kollia, N.; Chrysohoou, C.; Skoumas, J.; Haro, J.M.; Tousoulis, D.; Papageorgiou, C.; Pitsavos, C.; B. Panagiotakos, D. Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1250. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061250

AMA Style

F. Masana M, Tyrovolas S, Kollia N, Chrysohoou C, Skoumas J, Haro JM, Tousoulis D, Papageorgiou C, Pitsavos C, B. Panagiotakos D. Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(6):1250. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061250

Chicago/Turabian Style

F. Masana, Maria, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Natasa Kollia, Christina Chrysohoou, John Skoumas, Josep M. Haro, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos, and Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos. 2019. "Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study" Nutrients 11, no. 6: 1250. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061250

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