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Open AccessReview

Health Benefits of Green Banana Consumption: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition, University of Brasília, Brasilia 70910-900, Distrito Federal, Brazil
2
Campus Oeste Liliane Barbosa, Department of Nutrition, Instituto de Ensino Superior de Brasília (IESB), Brasilia 72225-315 Distrito Federal, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1222; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061222
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Benefits of Vegetables and Fruits)
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Abstract

Despite the growing demand for green banana (GB) products, there is no review study regarding their potential health benefits. We aimed to compare the health benefits among different GB products by a systematic review. We researched six electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) from inception to March 2019. We found 1009 articles in these databases. After duplicate removal, we screened 732 articles’ titles and abstracts, and selected 18 potentially relevant studies for full-text reading. We added five records from the reference list of the fully-read articles and seven suggested by the expert. Twelve articles were excluded. In the end, 18 studies were considered for this systematic review. Ten studies were conducted with green banana flour and eight with the green banana pulp/biomass. Most of the GB health benefits studied were related to the gastrointestinal symptoms/diseases, followed by the glycemic/insulin metabolism, weight control, and renal and liver complications associated to diabetes. Only one study did not confirm the health benefit proposed. It is necessary to standardize the GB dose/effect to different age groups and different health effects considering the GB variety and ripeness level. Further studies are necessary to present better detailing of GB product and their health effects considering all the raw-material characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: Green banana biomass; green banana flour; unripe banana; health effects Green banana biomass; green banana flour; unripe banana; health effects
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Falcomer, A.L.; Riquette, R.F.R.; de Lima, B.R.; Ginani, V.C.; Zandonadi, R.P. Health Benefits of Green Banana Consumption: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1222.

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