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Open AccessReview

Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review

1
Behavioral and Metabolic Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N6N5, Canada
2
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
3
Institut du savoir Montfort, Hôpital Montfort, Ottawa, ON K1K0T2, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1006; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051006
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 2 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients 2009–2019: The Present and the Future of Nutrition)
Free sugars overconsumption is associated with an increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as the alteration of the blood lipid levels. Natural fruit juices have a free sugar composition quite similar to that of sugar-sweetened beverages. Thus, could fruit juice consumption lead to the same adverse effects on health as sweetened beverages? We attempted to answer this question by reviewing the available evidence on the health effects of both sugar-sweetened beverages and natural fruit juices. We determined that, despite the similarity of fruits juices to sugar-sweetened beverages in terms of free sugars content, it remains unclear whether they lead to the same metabolic consequences if consumed in equal dose. Important discrepancies between studies, such as type of fruit juice, dose, duration, study design, and measured outcomes, make it impossible to provide evidence-based public recommendations as to whether the consumption of fruit juices alters the blood lipid profile. More randomized controlled trials comparing the metabolic effects of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption are needed to shape accurate public health guidelines on the variety and quantity of free sugars in our diet that would help to prevent the development of obesity and related health problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: free sugars; fruit juices; fructose; high-fructose corn syrup; sugar-sweetened beverages; dyslipidemia free sugars; fruit juices; fructose; high-fructose corn syrup; sugar-sweetened beverages; dyslipidemia
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Pepin, A.; Stanhope, K.L.; Imbeault, P. Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1006.

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