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Open AccessArticle

Association of a Priori-Defined Dietary Patterns with Anthropometric Measurements: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mexican Women

1
Nutrition and Metabolism Section, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon CEDEX 08, France
2
National Institute of Public Health, Centre for Population Health Research, Universidad No. 655 Colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera C.P., Cuernavaca 62100, Morelos, México
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 603; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030603
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate associations between a priori defined dietary patterns and anthropometric measures in Mexican women. A total of 1062 women aged 35 to 69 years old from the control participants of the CAMA (Cancer de Mama) study, a multi-center population-based case-control study on breast cancer conducted in Mexico, were interviewed and dietary intakes were assessed using questionnaires. The following indices were derived from these data: Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), the Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED), the Diet Quality Index (DQI), glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL). Adjusting for age, center, educational level, physical activity and energy intake, a high GI was positively associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Higher adherence to aMED was associated with lower WC and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) but no significant association was observed with other a priori dietary patterns. In this population of Mexican women, higher adherence to Mediterranean diet was associated with lower WC but other a priori dietary scores appeared to be of limited value in exploring the association between diet and anthropometric measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; overweight; a priori dietary patterns; Mexican women obesity; overweight; a priori dietary patterns; Mexican women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sahrai, M.S.; Huybrechts, I.; Biessy, C.; Gunter, M.J.; Romieu, I.; Torres-Mejía, G.; Dossus, L. Association of a Priori-Defined Dietary Patterns with Anthropometric Measurements: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mexican Women. Nutrients 2019, 11, 603. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030603

AMA Style

Sahrai MS, Huybrechts I, Biessy C, Gunter MJ, Romieu I, Torres-Mejía G, Dossus L. Association of a Priori-Defined Dietary Patterns with Anthropometric Measurements: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mexican Women. Nutrients. 2019; 11(3):603. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030603

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sahrai, Mohammad S.; Huybrechts, Inge; Biessy, Carine; Gunter, Marc J.; Romieu, Isabelle; Torres-Mejía, Gabriela; Dossus, Laure. 2019. "Association of a Priori-Defined Dietary Patterns with Anthropometric Measurements: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mexican Women" Nutrients 11, no. 3: 603. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030603

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