Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet and Bone Mineral Density in Spanish Premenopausal Women
AbstractThe Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with an improvement in health and an increase in longevity. Certain components of a MD can play a role in the prevention of osteoporosis and/or hip fracture. We investigated the association between the degree of adherence to a MD and bone mineral density (BMD) measured in several bone areas in a population of Spanish premenopausal women. We analyzed 442 premenopausal women aged 42.73 ± 6.67 years. Bone measurements were obtained using quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS) for the phalanx, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the lumbar spine, Ward’s triangle, trochanter, and hip, and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) for the non-dominant distal forearm. MD adherence was evaluated with MedDietScore. Amplitude-dependent speed of sound (Ad-SOS), BMD, and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) (total, trabecular, and cortical bone density) were positively associated with higher adherence to the MD (p < 0.05). Adherence to the MD was significantly associated with QUS, BMD, and vBMD in multiple regression analysis; QUS: Ad-SOS (m/s) β = 0.099 (p = 0.030); BMD (g/cm2): femur neck β = 0.114 (p = 0.010) and Ward’s triangle β = 0.125 (p = 0.006); vBMD (mg/cm3): total density β = 0.119 (p = 0.036), trabecular density β = 0.120 (p = 0.035), and cortical density β = 0.122 (p = 0.032). We conclude that the adherence to the MD was positively associated with better bone mass in Spanish premenopausal women. View Full-Text
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Pérez-Rey, J.; Roncero-Martín, R.; Rico-Martín, S.; Rey-Sánchez, P.; Pedrera-Zamorano, J.D.; Pedrera-Canal, M.; López-Espuela, F.; Lavado-García, J.M. Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet and Bone Mineral Density in Spanish Premenopausal Women. Nutrients 2019, 11, 555.
Pérez-Rey J, Roncero-Martín R, Rico-Martín S, Rey-Sánchez P, Pedrera-Zamorano JD, Pedrera-Canal M, López-Espuela F, Lavado-García JM. Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet and Bone Mineral Density in Spanish Premenopausal Women. Nutrients. 2019; 11(3):555.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pérez-Rey, Jesús; Roncero-Martín, Raúl; Rico-Martín, Sergio; Rey-Sánchez, Purificación; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan D.; Pedrera-Canal, María; López-Espuela, Fidel; Lavado-García, Jesús M. 2019. "Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet and Bone Mineral Density in Spanish Premenopausal Women." Nutrients 11, no. 3: 555.
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