Next Article in Journal
Types of Carbohydrates Intake during Pregnancy and Frequency of a Small for Gestational Age Newborn: A Case-Control Study
Previous Article in Journal
Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Gut Microbiota
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Sources of Fructose and Its Association with Fatty Liver in Mexican Young Adults

1
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), Mexico City 03940, Mexico
2
National Institute of Public Health, Center for Research on Nutrition and Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62100, Mexico
3
Hospital General de Mexico “Dr. Eduardo Liceaga”, Directorate of Research, Mexico City 06720, Mexico
4
Department of Radiology, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), 119992 Moscow, Russia
5
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 522; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030522
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 22 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
Fructose intake has been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The objective of this study was to assess the consumption of dietary fructose according to: 1) classification of hepatic steatosis by two indexes and 2) diagnosis of NAFLD by MRI. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 100 young adults from Mexico City. The Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI) and the Fatty Liver Index (FLI) were estimated using Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference, and fasting concentrations of glucose, triglycerides, and hepatic enzymes (ALT, AST, GGT). A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was administered to obtain dietary sources of fructose. We estimated the concordance between the hepatic indices and NAFLD and the correlation between the index scores and the percentage of liver fat. Eighteen percent presented NAFLD; 44% and 46% were classified with hepatic steatosis according to HSI and FLI, respectively. We compared dietary intake of fructose by each outcome: HSI, FLI, and NAFLD. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and juices were consumed significantly more by those with steatosis by FLI and NAFLD suggesting that SSB intake is linked to metabolic alterations that predict the risk of having NAFLD at a young age. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fructose; High fructose corn syrup; NAFLD; hepatic index; Sugar-sweetened beverages Fructose; High fructose corn syrup; NAFLD; hepatic index; Sugar-sweetened beverages
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cantoral, A.; Contreras-Manzano, A.; Luna-Villa, L.; Batis, C.; Roldán-Valadez, E.A.; Ettinger, A.S.; Mercado, A.; Peterson, K.E.; Téllez-Rojo, M.M.; Rivera, J.A. Dietary Sources of Fructose and Its Association with Fatty Liver in Mexican Young Adults. Nutrients 2019, 11, 522.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop