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Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 368; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020368

Beta-Cryptoxanthin Inhibits Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Osteoclast Differentiation and Bone Resorption via the Suppression of Inhibitor of NF-κB Kinase Activity

1
Cooperative Major of Advanced Health Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakacho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
2
Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakacho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
3
Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakacho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
4
Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima Tokorozawa-shi, Tokyo 359-1192, Japan
5
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima Tokorozawa-shi, Tokyo 359-1192, Japan
6
Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Karlrobert-Kreiten-Strasse 13, 53115 Bonn, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 February 2019 / Published: 10 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inflammation- An Ancient Battle. What are the Roles of Nutrients?)
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Abstract

Beta-cryptoxanthin (β-cry) is a typical carotenoid found abundantly in fruit and vegetables such as the Japanese mandarin orange, persimmon, papaya, paprika, and carrot, and exerts various biological activities (e.g., antioxidant effects). We previously reported that β-cry suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced osteoclast differentiation via the inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) E2 production in gingival fibroblasts and restored the alveolar bone loss in a mouse model for periodontitis in vivo. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the inhibitory effects of β-cry on osteoclast differentiation. In mouse calvarial organ cultures, LPS-induced bone resorption was suppressed by β-cry. In osteoblasts, β-cry inhibited PGE2 production via the downregulation of the LPS-induced mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and membrane-bound PGE synthase (mPGES)-1, which are PGE synthesis-related enzymes, leading to the suppression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) mRNA transcriptional activation. In an in vitro assay, β-cry directly suppressed the activity of the inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK) β, and adding ATP canceled this IKKβ inhibition. Molecular docking simulation further suggested that β-cry binds to the ATP-binding pocket of IKKβ. In Raw264.7 cells, β-cry suppressed RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis. The molecular mechanism underlying the involvement of β-cry in LPS-induced bone resorption may involve the ATP-competing inhibition of IKK activity, resulting in the suppression of NF-κB signaling. View Full-Text
Keywords: beta-cryptoxanthin; bone resorption; lipopolysaccharide; periodontitis; osteoclast differentiation beta-cryptoxanthin; bone resorption; lipopolysaccharide; periodontitis; osteoclast differentiation
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Hirata, N.; Ichimaru, R.; Tominari, T.; Matsumoto, C.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, K.; Hirata, M.; Ma, S.; Suzuki, K.; Grundler, F.M.; Miyaura, C.; Inada, M. Beta-Cryptoxanthin Inhibits Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Osteoclast Differentiation and Bone Resorption via the Suppression of Inhibitor of NF-κB Kinase Activity. Nutrients 2019, 11, 368.

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