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Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 359; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020359

Personalized Nutrition Approach in Food Allergy: Is It Prime Time Yet?

1
Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital V. Buzzi, University of Milan, Milan 20154, Italy
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
3
Section of Allergy and Immunology, Children’s Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 3 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 9 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Personalized Nutrition)
Full-Text   |   PDF [995 KB, uploaded 18 February 2019]   |  

Abstract

The prevalence of food allergy appears to be steadily increasing in infants and young children. One of the major challenges of modern clinical nutrition is the implementation of individualized nutritional recommendations. The management of food allergy (FA) has seen major changes in recent years. While strict allergen avoidance is still the key treatment principle, it is increasingly clear that the avoidance diet should be tailored according to the patient FA phenotype. Furthermore, new insights into the gut microbiome and immune system explain the rising interest in tolerance induction and immunomodulation by microbiota-targeted dietary intervention. This review article focuses on the nutritional management of IgE mediated food allergy, mainly focusing on different aspects of the avoidance diet. A personalized approach to managing the food allergic individual is becoming more feasible as we are learning more about diagnostic modalities and allergic phenotypes. However, some unmet needs should be addressed to fully attain this goal. View Full-Text
Keywords: food allergy; avoidance diet; nutrition; personalized nutrition; phenotype; microbiome food allergy; avoidance diet; nutrition; personalized nutrition; phenotype; microbiome
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D’Auria, E.; Abrahams, M.; Zuccotti, G.V.; Venter, C. Personalized Nutrition Approach in Food Allergy: Is It Prime Time Yet? Nutrients 2019, 11, 359.

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