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Open AccessArticle

Poor Dietary Polyphenol Intake in Childhood Cancer Patients

UNSW Medicine, University of NSW, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
School of Women’s & Children’s Health, UNSW Medicine, University of NSW, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children’s Hospital, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
Children’s Cancer Institute, Lowy Cancer Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2835;
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 7 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Important Aspects of Nutrition in Children with Cancer)
Emerging research demonstrates polyphenol-rich diets like the Mediterranean diet may play a role in improving the outcomes of adult cancer therapy. To date, there are no trials assessing the intake or efficacy of polyphenol-rich diets in childhood cancer patients. In this study we collected dietary data on 59 childhood cancer patients on treatment using a three-pass 24-h dietary recall (24-HDR), which is based on a validated and structured three-part methodology. Polyphenol consumption was calculated by matching the food consumption data with polyphenol content extracted from the most updated Phenol-Explorer database. The mean total polyphenol intake was 173.31 ± 141.02 mg/day. The major food sources of polyphenols were fruits, beverages, and cereals. There were no significant associations with time since diagnosis, body mass index (BMI) z-score, types of cancer, treatment intensity, food-related symptoms, relapse, and total daily polyphenol intake. Further investigation with larger studies will facilitate the steps in assessing the value of polyphenol-rich dietary patterns in future nutritional interventions for childhood cancer patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood cancer; polyphenols; dietary intake; diet quality; nutrition childhood cancer; polyphenols; dietary intake; diet quality; nutrition
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Liu, A.; Cohen, J.; Vittorio, O. Poor Dietary Polyphenol Intake in Childhood Cancer Patients. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2835.

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