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Open AccessArticle

The Vitamin E Derivative Gamma Tocotrienol Promotes Anti-Tumor Effects in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell Lines

1
Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Science, Lebanese American University, Beirut 1102-2801, Lebanon
2
Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 30559 Hannover, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors have contributed equally.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2808; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112808
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 9 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 17 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin E: Uses, Benefits, Emerging Aspects, and RDA)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a blood cancer characterized by the formation of faulty defective myelogenous cells with morphological heterogeneity and cytogenic aberrations leading to a loss of their function. In an attempt to find an effective and safe AML treatment, vitamin E derivatives, including tocopherols were considered as potential anti-tumor compounds. Recently, other isoforms of vitamin E, namely tocotrienols have been proposed as potential potent anti-cancerous agents, displaying promising therapeutic effects in different cancer types. In this study we evaluated the anti-cancerous effects of γ-tocotrienol, on AML cell lines in vitro. For this purpose, AML cell lines incubated with γ-tocotrienol were examined for their viability, cell cycle status, apoptotic cell death, DNA fragmentation, production of reactive oxygen species and expression of proapoptotic proteins. Our results showed that γ-tocotrienol exhibits time and dose-dependent anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic and antioxidant effects on U937 and KG-1 cell lines, through the upregulation of proteins involved in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. View Full-Text
Keywords: leukemia; vitamin E; gamma tocotrienols; apoptosis leukemia; vitamin E; gamma tocotrienols; apoptosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghanem, P.; Zouein, A.; Mohamad, M.; Hodroj, M.H.; Haykal, T.; Abou Najem, S.; Naim, H.Y.; Rizk, S. The Vitamin E Derivative Gamma Tocotrienol Promotes Anti-Tumor Effects in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell Lines. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112808

AMA Style

Ghanem P, Zouein A, Mohamad M, Hodroj MH, Haykal T, Abou Najem S, Naim HY, Rizk S. The Vitamin E Derivative Gamma Tocotrienol Promotes Anti-Tumor Effects in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell Lines. Nutrients. 2019; 11(11):2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112808

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghanem, Paola; Zouein, Annalise; Mohamad, Maya; Hodroj, Mohammad H.; Haykal, Tony; Abou Najem, Sonia; Naim, Hassan Y.; Rizk, Sandra. 2019. "The Vitamin E Derivative Gamma Tocotrienol Promotes Anti-Tumor Effects in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell Lines" Nutrients 11, no. 11: 2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112808

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