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Article

Intake of Processed Meat and Association with Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in a Representative Sample of the Swiss Population

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Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
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Institute of Applied Simulation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 31a, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
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Swiss Centre for Applied Human Toxicology (SCAHT) University of Basel, Missionstrasse 64, 4055 Basel, Switzerland
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Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland
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Health Department–Nutrition and Dietetics, Bern University of Applied Sciences, 3008 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2556; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112556
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
Processed meat (PM) intake is associated with health risks, but data are lacking in Switzerland. Using national representative data from a recent menuCH Survey, we first aimed to quantify intake of PM and its subtypes, and second to investigate associations with sociodemographic and lifestyle factors by multivariable regression analysis. PM was consumed by 72% of the population, and mean daily intake was 42.7 g/day (standard error of the mean (SEM) 1.2 g/day), ranging considerably across PM subtypes: highest intake of sausages 18.1 g/day (SEM 0.7 g/day) and lowest of bacon 2.0 g/day (SEM 0.2 g/day). PM intake by women was 4.7 g/1000 kcal lower than men (95% confidence interval (CI): −6.7; −2.7) and 2.9 g/1000 kcal lower in the French- language region compared with the German region (95% CI: 2.4; 8.7). Among sociodemographic and lifestyle factors examined, BMI (obese vs. normal: 5.5 g/1000 kcal, 95% CI: 2.4; 8.7) and current smoking (vs. never smoked: 3.1 g/kcal, 95% CI: 0.6; 5.6) were independently associated with PM intake. The results are a first description of PM intake, separate from other meat types, and which identified associations with two unhealthy lifestyle factors in Switzerland. Such data will contribute to better nutritional recommendations and guidance for public health interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: processed meat; meat products; meat intake; meat consumption; chronic disease; menuCH; nutrition survey processed meat; meat products; meat intake; meat consumption; chronic disease; menuCH; nutrition survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sych, J.; Kaelin, I.; Gerlach, F.; Wróbel, A.; Le, T.; FitzGerald, R.; Pestoni, G.; Faeh, D.; Krieger, J.-P.; Rohrmann, S. Intake of Processed Meat and Association with Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in a Representative Sample of the Swiss Population. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2556. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112556

AMA Style

Sych J, Kaelin I, Gerlach F, Wróbel A, Le T, FitzGerald R, Pestoni G, Faeh D, Krieger J-P, Rohrmann S. Intake of Processed Meat and Association with Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in a Representative Sample of the Swiss Population. Nutrients. 2019; 11(11):2556. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112556

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sych, Janice, Ivo Kaelin, Fabienne Gerlach, Anna Wróbel, Thu Le, Rex FitzGerald, Giulia Pestoni, David Faeh, Jean-Philippe Krieger, and Sabine Rohrmann. 2019. "Intake of Processed Meat and Association with Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in a Representative Sample of the Swiss Population" Nutrients 11, no. 11: 2556. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112556

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