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Open AccessArticle

Intake of 100% Fruit Juice Is Associated with Improved Diet Quality of Adults: NHANES 2013–2016 Analysis

1
NutriScience LLC, East Norriton, PA 19403, USA
2
Nutrition Impact LLC, Battle Creek, MI 49014, USA
3
Juice Product Association, Washington, DC 20045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2513; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102513
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 1 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
Fruit intake is generally associated with better diet quality and overall health. This report examined the effect of 100% fruit juice (considered a part of total fruit servings) and its replacement with whole fruits equivalents on nutrient intake and diet quality. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2016 data (24-h dietary recall) from adults 19+ years (n = 10,112) were used to assess the diet quality and nutrient intakes and to isocalorically replace with 100% fruit juice intakes whole fruit equivalents in a modeling analysis. About 15.6% adults were 100% fruit juice consumers. Consumers had higher diet quality (10% higher Healthy Eating Index, HEI 2015 score), and higher intakes of energy, calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamin C and vitamin D than non-consumers. Consumption of 100% fruit juice was also associated with lower risk of being overweight/obese (−22%) and having metabolic syndrome (−27%). Replacing 100% fruit juice with whole fruits equivalents did not affect nutrient intake except for a modest increase (+6.4%) in dietary fiber. Results show that 100% fruit juice intake was associated with better diet quality and higher nutrient intake. Replacement of 100% fruit juice intake with whole fruits equivalents had no significant effect on nutrients except for dietary fiber. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrients; healthy eating index; health risk factors; dietary modeling nutrients; healthy eating index; health risk factors; dietary modeling
MDPI and ACS Style

Agarwal, S.; Fulgoni III, V.L.; Welland, D. Intake of 100% Fruit Juice Is Associated with Improved Diet Quality of Adults: NHANES 2013–2016 Analysis. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2513.

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