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Article

Effects of Resveratrol in Goto-Kakizaki Rat, a Model of Type 2 Diabetes

1
Department of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
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Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, University of Rzeszow, Zelwerowicza 4, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland
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Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Święcickiego 6, 60-781 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2488; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102488
Received: 7 September 2019 / Revised: 5 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
Resveratrol exhibits a pleiotropic, favorable action under various pathological conditions, including type 2 diabetes. However, its anti-diabetic effects in animal models and human trials have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to determine whether resveratrol is capable of inducing beneficial changes in the Goto-Kakizaki rat, a spontaneous model of diabetes, which in several aspects is similar to type 2 diabetes in humans. Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and control Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats were treated intragastrically with resveratrol (20 mg/kg b.w./day) for 10 weeks. Then, a glucose tolerance test was performed and levels of some adipokines in blood were measured. Moreover, lipid contents in skeletal muscle and liver tissues, along with the expression and phosphorylation of pivotal enzymes (AMP—activated protein kinase—AMPK, acetyl-CoA carboxylase—ACC, protein kinase B—Akt) in these tissues were determined. Histology of pancreatic islets was also compared. GK rats non-treated with resveratrol displayed a marked glucose intolerance and had increased lipid accumulation in the skeletal muscle. Moreover, upregulation of the expression and phosphorylation of AMPK, ACC and Akt was shown in the muscle tissue of GK rats. Those rats also had an abnormal structure of pancreatic islets compared with control animals. However, treatment with resveratrol improved glucose tolerance and prevented lipid accumulation in the skeletal muscle of GK rats. This effect was associated with a substantial normalization of expression and phosphorylation of ACC and Akt. In GK rats subjected to resveratrol therapy, the structure of pancreatic islets was also clearly improved. Moreover, blood adiponectin and leptin levels were partially normalized by resveratrol in GK rats. It was revealed that resveratrol ameliorates key symptoms of diabetes in GK rats. This compound improved glucose tolerance, which was largely linked to beneficial changes in skeletal muscle. Resveratrol also positively affected pancreatic islets. Our new findings show that resveratrol has therapeutic potential in GK rats. View Full-Text
Keywords: resveratrol; type 2 diabetes; Goto-Kakizaki rats resveratrol; type 2 diabetes; Goto-Kakizaki rats
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szkudelska, K.; Deniziak, M.; Hertig, I.; Wojciechowicz, T.; Tyczewska, M.; Jaroszewska, M.; Szkudelski, T. Effects of Resveratrol in Goto-Kakizaki Rat, a Model of Type 2 Diabetes. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102488

AMA Style

Szkudelska K, Deniziak M, Hertig I, Wojciechowicz T, Tyczewska M, Jaroszewska M, Szkudelski T. Effects of Resveratrol in Goto-Kakizaki Rat, a Model of Type 2 Diabetes. Nutrients. 2019; 11(10):2488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102488

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szkudelska, Katarzyna, Marzanna Deniziak, Iwona Hertig, Tatiana Wojciechowicz, Marianna Tyczewska, Magdalena Jaroszewska, and Tomasz Szkudelski. 2019. "Effects of Resveratrol in Goto-Kakizaki Rat, a Model of Type 2 Diabetes" Nutrients 11, no. 10: 2488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102488

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