Next Article in Journal
Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me Nutrition Survey Databases to Explore the Development of Food Labelling Portion Sizes for the European Union
Next Article in Special Issue
Developing a Food Exchange System for Meal Planning in Vegan Children and Adolescents
Previous Article in Journal
A Guide to Applying the Sex-Gender Perspective to Nutritional Genomics
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessPerspective
Nutrients 2019, 11(1), 5;

Vegan Nutrition for Mothers and Children: Practical Tools for Healthcare Providers

Scientific Society for Vegetarian Nutrition, Scientific Committee, Via Verdi 10/9, 30171 Mestre (VE), Italy
Department of General Medicine, Humanitas San Pio X, Via Francesco Nava 31, 20159 Milano, Italy
Neonatology and Pediatric Unit, San Raffaele Hospital, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milano, Italy
Division of Inherited Metabolic Diseases, Department of Woman’s and Child’s Health, Padua University Hospital, via Orus 2/B, 35129 Padova, Italy
Nutrition and Food Science Group, Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, CITACA, CACTI, University of Vigo, Vigo Campus, 36310 Vigo, Spain
Department of Clinical Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Ranieri 65, 60100 Ancona, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vegan Nutrition)
PDF [340 KB, uploaded 21 January 2019]


As the number of subjects choosing vegan diets increases, healthcare providers must be prepared to give the best advice to vegan patients during all stages of life. A completely plant-based diet is suitable during pregnancy, lactation, infancy, and childhood, provided that it is well-planned. Balanced vegan diets meet energy requirements on a wide variety of plant foods and pay attention to some nutrients that may be critical, such as protein, fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, zinc, iodine, calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12. This paper contains recommendations made by a panel of experts from the Scientific Society for Vegetarian Nutrition (SSNV) after examining the available literature concerning vegan diets during pregnancy, breastfeeding, infancy, and childhood. All healthcare professionals should follow an approach based on the available evidence in regard to the issue of vegan diets, as failing to do so may compromise the nutritional status of vegan patients in these delicate periods of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegan diets; vegan pregnancy; vegan breastfeeding; vegan infants; vegan children; plant-based diets vegan diets; vegan pregnancy; vegan breastfeeding; vegan infants; vegan children; plant-based diets
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Baroni, L.; Goggi, S.; Battaglino, R.; Berveglieri, M.; Fasan, I.; Filippin, D.; Griffith, P.; Rizzo, G.; Tomasini, C.; Tosatti, M.A.; Battino, M.A. Vegan Nutrition for Mothers and Children: Practical Tools for Healthcare Providers. Nutrients 2019, 11, 5.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top