Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Taste Receptor Genes, Taste Function and Dietary Intake in Preschool-Aged Children and Adults in the Guelph Family Health Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Changes in Plasma Acylcarnitine and Lysophosphatidylcholine Levels Following a High-Fructose Diet: A Targeted Metabolomics Study in Healthy Women
Previous Article in Journal
The Potential of Gut Commensals in Reinforcing Intestinal Barrier Function and Alleviating Inflammation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drinks and Fructose Consumption Are Associated with Hyperuricemia: Cross-Sectional Analysis from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 989; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080989

French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES

1
Physiology Department, Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Centre Métabolique, Hôpital Intercantonal de la Broye, 1470 Estavayer-le-lac, Switzerland
3
CarMeN laboratory, Univ-Lyon, Inserm U1060, INRA U1397, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, INSA Lyon, BP12, F69921 Oullins CEDEX, France
4
UMR Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, AgroParisTech, INRA, Université Paris-Saclay, 75005 Paris, France
5
UMR Physiologie des Adaptations Nutritionnelles, INRA, Université de Nantes, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, Place Alexis Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes CEDEX 1, France
6
Institut de Recherche en Cancérologie, Inserm Campus Hospitalier Val d’Aurelle, 34298 Montpellier CEDEX 5, France
7
Nutrition Risk Assessment Unit, Risk Assessment Department, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), F94701 Maisons-Alfort, France
8
Pédiatrie-Gastro-Entérologie, Hépatologie, Nutrition et Diabétologie Pôle enfants Hôpital des Enfants 330, Avenue de Grande Bretagne-TSA 70034-31059 Toulouse CEDEX 9, France
9
Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, ICAN, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, F75013 Paris, France
10
Faculté de médecine René Descartes Paris V, avenue de l’école de médecine 15, F75006 Paris, France
11
UMR PNCA, AgroParisTech, INRA, Université Paris-Saclay, 75005 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 26 July 2018 / Published: 29 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fructose and Glucose for Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [347 KB, uploaded 31 July 2018]

Abstract

This article presents a systematic review of the scientific evidence linking sugar consumption and health in the adult population performed by a group of experts, mandated by the French Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement, et du travail (ANSES). A literature search was performed by crossing search terms for overweight/obesity, diabetes/insulin resistance, dyslipidemia/cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), and uric acid concentrations on one hand and for intake of sugars on the other. Controlled mechanistic studies, prospective cohort studies, and randomized clinical trials were extracted and assessed. A literature analysis supported links between sugar intake and both total energy intake and body weight gain, and between sugar intake and blood triglycerides independently of total energy intake. The effects of sugar on blood triglycerides were shown to be mediated by the fructose component of sucrose and were observed with an intake of fructose >50 g/day. In addition, prospective cohort studies showed associations between sugar intake and the risk of diabetes/insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, NAFLD, and hyperuricemia. Based on these observations, ANSES proposed to set a maximum limit to the intake of total sugars containing fructose (sucrose, glucose–fructose syrups, honey or other syrups, and natural concentrates, etc.) of 100 g/day. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary guidelines; cardiovascular diseases; obesity; type 2 diabetes; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; non-communicable diseases dietary guidelines; cardiovascular diseases; obesity; type 2 diabetes; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; non-communicable diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tappy, L.; Morio, B.; Azzout-Marniche, D.; Champ, M.; Gerber, M.; Houdart, S.; Mas, E.; Rizkalla, S.; Slama, G.; Mariotti, F.; Margaritis, I. French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES. Nutrients 2018, 10, 989.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top