French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES
AbstractThis article presents a systematic review of the scientific evidence linking sugar consumption and health in the adult population performed by a group of experts, mandated by the French Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement, et du travail (ANSES). A literature search was performed by crossing search terms for overweight/obesity, diabetes/insulin resistance, dyslipidemia/cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), and uric acid concentrations on one hand and for intake of sugars on the other. Controlled mechanistic studies, prospective cohort studies, and randomized clinical trials were extracted and assessed. A literature analysis supported links between sugar intake and both total energy intake and body weight gain, and between sugar intake and blood triglycerides independently of total energy intake. The effects of sugar on blood triglycerides were shown to be mediated by the fructose component of sucrose and were observed with an intake of fructose >50 g/day. In addition, prospective cohort studies showed associations between sugar intake and the risk of diabetes/insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, NAFLD, and hyperuricemia. Based on these observations, ANSES proposed to set a maximum limit to the intake of total sugars containing fructose (sucrose, glucose–fructose syrups, honey or other syrups, and natural concentrates, etc.) of 100 g/day. View Full-Text
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Tappy, L.; Morio, B.; Azzout-Marniche, D.; Champ, M.; Gerber, M.; Houdart, S.; Mas, E.; Rizkalla, S.; Slama, G.; Mariotti, F.; Margaritis, I. French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES. Nutrients 2018, 10, 989.
Tappy L, Morio B, Azzout-Marniche D, Champ M, Gerber M, Houdart S, Mas E, Rizkalla S, Slama G, Mariotti F, Margaritis I. French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES. Nutrients. 2018; 10(8):989.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tappy, Luc; Morio, Béatrice; Azzout-Marniche, Dalila; Champ, Martine; Gerber, Mariette; Houdart, Sabine; Mas, Emmanuel; Rizkalla, Salwa; Slama, Gérard; Mariotti, François; Margaritis, Irène. 2018. "French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES." Nutrients 10, no. 8: 989.
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