Next Article in Journal
A Vegetarian Diet Is a Major Determinant of Gut Microbiota Composition in Early Pregnancy
Next Article in Special Issue
A Synergistic Formulation of Plant Extracts Decreases Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Peaks: Results from Two Randomized, Controlled, Cross-Over Studies Using Real-World Meals
Previous Article in Journal
Resveratrol Chemosensitizes TNF-β-Induced Survival of 5-FU-Treated Colorectal Cancer Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Exercise Intensity on Gastric Emptying Rate, Appetite and Gut Derived Hormone Responses after Consuming a Standardised Semi-Solid Meal in Healthy Males
Open AccessArticle

Acute Effects of High-Intensity Interval and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Exercise on GLP-1, Appetite and Energy Intake in Obese Men: A Crossover Trial

1
Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
2
Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
3
Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
4
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
5
Health Science College of Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Cruz 9200-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 889; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070889
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Appetite, Metabolism and Obesity)
This study investigated the effect of high-intensity interval (HIIE) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE) on glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), appetite and energy intake (EI) in obese men. In a randomized crossover trial, 12 participants (28.4 ± 2.6 years, 35.5 ± 4.5 kg/m2, 39.8 ± 2.2% body fat) performed: (I) Control (CON, no exercise); (II) MICE (20 min, 70% of maximal heart rate) and (III) HIIE (10 × 1 min at 90% of maximal heart rate with 1 min recovery). GLP-1 and appetite were assessed at: (I) PRE: pre-exercise; (II) POST: immediately post-exercise; (III) POST-1 h: 1 h post-exercise. EI was assessed after an ad libitum meal offered 1 h post-exercise and over 24 h. There was a significant time × condition interaction for GLP-1 (p = 0.035). Higher GLP-1 levels in MICE vs. CON (p = 0.024) and a trend for HIIE vs. CON (p = 0.069) POST-1h was found. Hunger was reduced immediately post-HIIE compared to CON (p < 0.01), but was not sustained POST-1 h (p > 0.05). EI did not differ between the sessions 1 h post-exercise or over 24H (p > 0.05). In summary, although MICE increased GLP-1 levels POST-1h and HIIE induced a transient reduction in hunger, both exercise protocols did not impact EI in obese men. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; high intensity interval exercise; hunger; compensation; gastrointestinal hormones; energy intake; T0; T30 and T90 min; respectively obesity; high intensity interval exercise; hunger; compensation; gastrointestinal hormones; energy intake; T0; T30 and T90 min; respectively
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Matos, V.A.F.; Souza, D.C.; Santos, V.O.A.; Medeiros, Í.F.; Browne, R.A.V.; Nascimento, P.R.P.; Marinho, C.S.R.; Serquiz, A.C.; Costa, E.C.; Fayh, A.P.T. Acute Effects of High-Intensity Interval and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Exercise on GLP-1, Appetite and Energy Intake in Obese Men: A Crossover Trial. Nutrients 2018, 10, 889.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop