Next Article in Journal
Fat Loss in Continuous Enteral Feeding of the Preterm Infant: How Much, What and When Is It Lost?
Next Article in Special Issue
Chrysin Inhibits Advanced Glycation End Products-Induced Kidney Fibrosis in Renal Mesangial Cells and Diabetic Kidneys
Previous Article in Journal
Critical Evaluation of Gene Expression Changes in Human Tissues in Response to Supplementation with Dietary Bioactive Compounds: Moving Towards Better-Quality Studies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dietary Salt Restriction in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, and Xenobiotics Affecting Renal Health

Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation—Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70124 Bari, Italy
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Parma University Medical School, 43126 Parma, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 808;
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients and Renal Function)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 8–16% of the population worldwide. In developed countries, the most important risk factors for CKD are diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, calling into question the importance of educating and acting on lifestyles and nutrition. A balanced diet and supplementation can indeed support the maintenance of a general health status, including preservation of renal function, and can help to manage and curb the main risk factors for renal damage. While the concept of protein and salt restriction in nephrology is historically acknowledged, the role of some nutrients in renal health and the importance of nutrition as a preventative measure for renal care are less known. In this narrative review, we provide an overview of the demonstrated and potential actions of some selected nutrients, nutraceuticals, and xenobiotics on renal health and function. The direct and indirect effects of fiber, protein, fatty acids, curcumin, steviol glycosides, green tea, coffee, nitrates, nitrites, and alcohol on kidney health are reviewed here. In view of functional and personalized nutrition, understanding the renal and systemic effects of dietary components is essential since many chronic conditions, including CKD, are related to systemic dysfunctions such as chronic low-grade inflammation. View Full-Text
Keywords: CKD; renal function; nutrients; nutraceuticals; xenobiotics; inflammation; functional nutrition CKD; renal function; nutrients; nutraceuticals; xenobiotics; inflammation; functional nutrition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cosola, C.; Sabatino, A.; Di Bari, I.; Fiaccadori, E.; Gesualdo, L. Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, and Xenobiotics Affecting Renal Health. Nutrients 2018, 10, 808.

AMA Style

Cosola C, Sabatino A, Di Bari I, Fiaccadori E, Gesualdo L. Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, and Xenobiotics Affecting Renal Health. Nutrients. 2018; 10(7):808.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cosola, Carmela, Alice Sabatino, Ighli Di Bari, Enrico Fiaccadori, and Loreto Gesualdo. 2018. "Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, and Xenobiotics Affecting Renal Health" Nutrients 10, no. 7: 808.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop