Next Article in Journal
Personalized Nutrition—Genes, Diet, and Related Interactive Parameters as Predictors of Cancer in Multiethnic Colorectal Cancer Families
Previous Article in Journal
Inulin Supplementation Does Not Reduce Plasma Trimethylamine N-Oxide Concentrations in Individuals at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
Open AccessArticle

Do Chinese Preschool Children Eat a Sufficiently Diverse Diet? A Cross-Sectional Study in China

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China
2
School of Nursing, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China
3
Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 794; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060794
Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 13 June 2018 / Published: 20 June 2018
Background: This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate dietary diversity and its associated factors in Chinese preschoolers and explore whether the daily food consumption of children with different dietary diversity-associated characteristics met recommended dietary amounts. Methods: A cross-sectional study covering seven cities and two villages was conducted and included 697 preschool children aged 3–7 years old. Dietary diversity score (DDS) and DDS 10 were calculated based on 24-h dietary recall. The food-intake differences among children with different DDS 10 predictors were examined. Results: The mean DDS and DDS 10 in Chinese preschool children were 7.4 ± 1.5 (ranged from 3 to 9) and 7.0 ± 3 (ranged from 3 to 9) respectively. Positive predictors of dietary diversity included residing in an urban environment, a higher household expenditure on children’s food, and a higher frequency of eating outside. Food-intake differences existed among the predictors. Conclusions: Education and intervention should be strengthened to improve the dietary diversity of preschool children, especially in rural areas. The overall dietary pattern of children requires attention, which means not only increasing dietary diversity but also avoiding an unbalanced diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary diversity; preschool; nutrient adequacy dietary diversity; preschool; nutrient adequacy
MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, H.; Zhao, A.; Zhao, W.; Tan, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, P. Do Chinese Preschool Children Eat a Sufficiently Diverse Diet? A Cross-Sectional Study in China. Nutrients 2018, 10, 794.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop