Next Article in Journal
Combining Short-Term Interval Training with Caloric Restriction Improves ß-Cell Function in Obese Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Modulation of Free Amino Acid Profile in Healthy Humans Administered with Mastiha Terpenes. An Open-Label Trial
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 716; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060716

Behavioral Correlates of Empirically-Derived Dietary Patterns among University Students

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
2
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
4
Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, Center for Population Health & Health Disparities, University of Massachusetts-Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 3 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1289 KB, uploaded 3 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Given the importance of young adulthood in establishing lifelong dietary habits, it is imperative to better understand potential underlying drivers of dietary behavior in the university-age population. Dietary patterns have been associated with disease risk, but behavioral predictors of dietary pattern adherence are poorly understood, especially among emerging adults. This study aims to evaluate health-related behaviors associated with dietary pattern scores among freshmen participating in the Tufts Longitudinal Health Study (TLHS; n = 630). We previously derived dietary patterns using principal components analysis and orthogonal rotation from dietary intake data. Health-related behavior data were collected via survey. All data were collected during the Spring semesters of 1998–2007. Unadjusted linear models were used to determine associations between dietary pattern scores and health-related behaviors. Significant correlates were retained in multivariable regression models, which were adjusted for demographic characteristics. We found that never eating meals away from home was associated with higher adherence to the Prudent and lower adherence to the Western and Alcohol patterns. Intention to lose weight was negatively associated with the Western pattern, while intention to gain weight was positively associated with all dietary patterns. These findings suggest that intervention efforts aimed at improving eating out behaviors and engaging in healthy weight management strategies may promote healthier dietary patterns among university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: university students; dietary patterns; health behaviors; emerging adulthood university students; dietary patterns; health behaviors; emerging adulthood
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mueller, M.P.; Blondin, S.A.; Korn, A.R.; Bakun, P.J.; Tucker, K.L.; Economos, C.D. Behavioral Correlates of Empirically-Derived Dietary Patterns among University Students. Nutrients 2018, 10, 716.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top