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Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 682; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060682

Assessing the Dietary Habits of Canadians by Eating Location and Occasion: Findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2

1
Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Centre, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
2
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 150 College Street., Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 27 May 2018
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Abstract

Occasion and location of food environment has an influence on dietary habits, nutritional quality and overall health and nutrition-related chronic disease risk. Eating occasion and location was assessed in 20,402 Canadians aged ≥ 2 years, with a focus on energy, saturated fat, added sugars, and sodium intake by age group. Data showed >80% of children, compared to ~60% of adolescents and adults, consumed three meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) plus snacks in a day. Dinner contributed the most calories [ranging from 395 ± 11 kcal (2–3 year olds) to 952 ± 27 kcal (men 19–30 years)], saturated fat [7.4 ± 0.2% energy (2–3 year olds) to 9.1 ± 0.3% energy (women 31–50 years)], and sodium [851 ± 24 mg (2–3 year olds) to 1299 ± 69 mg (men 19–30 years)], while snacks contributed the most added sugars [22 ± 1 kcal (men >70 years) to 45 ± 1 kcal (2–3 year olds)]. By eating location, most Canadians (>90%) reported consuming food from home. Subsequently, home was associated with the majority of energy [1383 ± 23 kcal (women >70 years) to 2090 ± 35 kcal (boys 9–13 years)], saturated fat [20.4 ± 0.4%E (men 51–70 years) to 24.2 ± 0.4%E (2–3 year olds)], added sugars [77 ± 3 kcal (men 19–30 years) to 117 ± 2 kcal (2–3 year olds)], and sodium [2137 ± 59 mg (women 19–30 years) to 2638 ± 45 mg (men 51–70 years)] intakes. Reported eating behaviours suggest action is needed at individual and population levels to alter food purchasing and consumption habits, specifically with regards to snacking habits and foods prepared at home. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; food and nutrition; energy intake; dietary sodium; added sugars; dietary fat; food environment; Canadian diet; food and nutrition; energy intake; dietary sodium; added sugars; dietary fat; food environment; Canadian
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Nishi, S.K.; Jessri, M.; L’Abbé, M. Assessing the Dietary Habits of Canadians by Eating Location and Occasion: Findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2. Nutrients 2018, 10, 682.

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