Dietary Sodium and Other Nutrient Intakes among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in New Zealand
AbstractThis study describes baseline intakes of sodium and other nutrients in a multi-ethnic sample of hemodialysis patients in New Zealand participating in the SoLID Trial between May/2013 to May/2016. Baseline 3-day weighed food record collections were analyzed using Foodworks 8 Professional food composition database, supplemented by other sources of nutrient information. Intakes of dietary sodium and other nutrients were compared with relevant guidelines and clinical recommendations. Eighty-five participants completed a 3-day weighed food record. The mean (SD) sodium intake was 2502 (957) mg/day at and more than half of the participants exceeded recommended intake levels. Sodium intake was positively associated with energy intake. Only 5% of participants met the recommended calorie density; nine percent of participants ate the recommended minimum of 1.2 g/kg of protein per day; 68% of participants were consuming inadequate fiber at baseline. A high proportion of dialysis patients in SoLID Trial did not meet current renal-specific dietary recommendations. The data show excess sodium intake. It is also evident that there was poor adherence to dietary guidelines for a range of other nutrients. A total diet approach is needed to lower sodium intake and improve total diet quality among hemodialysis patients in New Zealand. View Full-Text
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Xie, Z.; McLean, R.; Marshall, M. Dietary Sodium and Other Nutrient Intakes among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in New Zealand. Nutrients 2018, 10, 502.
Xie Z, McLean R, Marshall M. Dietary Sodium and Other Nutrient Intakes among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in New Zealand. Nutrients. 2018; 10(4):502.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xie, Zhengxiu; McLean, Rachael; Marshall, Mark. 2018. "Dietary Sodium and Other Nutrient Intakes among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in New Zealand." Nutrients 10, no. 4: 502.
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