Next Article in Journal
Effects of Different Dietary and Lifestyle Modification Therapies on Metabolic Syndrome in Prediabetic Arab Patients: A 12-Month Longitudinal Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Is What Low-Income Brazilians Are Eating in Popular Restaurants Contributing to Promote Their Health?
Previous Article in Journal
Concentrations of Water-Soluble Forms of Choline in Human Milk from Lactating Women in Canada and Cambodia
Open AccessArticle

Influence of Feeding Practices on Malnutrition in Haitian Infants and Young Children

1
Division of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8330023, Chile
2
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Division of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Hospital Josefina Martínez, Santiago 8330023, Chile
3
Department of Health Sciences (Nutrition and Dietetics), School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Hospital Josefina Martínez, Santiago 8330023, Chile
4
Klinik Saint Espri Health Center, Port Au Prince, HT 6311, Haiti
5
Fundación América Solidaria, Santiago 7500776, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 382; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030382
Received: 7 January 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups)
Infant malnutrition remains an important cause of death and disability, and Haiti has the highest prevalence in the Americas. Therefore, preventive strategies are needed. Our aims were (1) To assess the prevalence of malnutrition among young children seen at a health center in Haiti; (2) Examine adherence to infant feeding practices recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the association to nutritional status. This cross-sectional study recruited children from the Saint Espri Health Center in Port Au Prince in 2014. We recorded feeding practices, socio-demographic data, and anthropometric measurements (WHO-2006). We evaluated 278 infants and children younger than two years old, aged 8.08 ± 6.5 months, 53.2% female. 18.35% were underweight (weight/age <−2 SD); 13.31% stunted (length/age <−2 SD), and 13.67% had moderate or severe wasting (weight/length <−2 SD). Malnutrition was associated with male gender, older age, lower maternal education level, and greater numbers of siblings (Chi2, p < 0.05). Adherence to recommended breastfeeding practices was 11.8–97.9%, and to complementary feeding practices was 9.7–90.3%. Adherence was associated with a lower prevalence of malnutrition. Conclusion: Prevalence of infant and young child malnutrition in this population is high. Adherence to WHO-recommended feeding practices was associated with a better nutritional status. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; feeding practices; infant feeding; nutrition; malnutrition; pediatrics; primary health care breastfeeding; feeding practices; infant feeding; nutrition; malnutrition; pediatrics; primary health care
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Irarrázaval, B.; Barja, S.; Bustos, E.; Doirsaint, R.; Senethmm, G.; Guzmán, M.P.; Uauy, R. Influence of Feeding Practices on Malnutrition in Haitian Infants and Young Children. Nutrients 2018, 10, 382.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop